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International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064



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The First Chinese Pilgrim Monk Went to India and Comparison with the Travelling of Hsuan Tsang

Nguyen Thi Phuong Dung

Abstract: Buddhism is found by Gautam Buddha in 6 BC, ancient India. During time of Asoka it spreaded wide to many areas outside as Ceylon, Suvarnabhumi (the Golden Land). Since 1 AD under Kanishka dynasty Buddhism had stretched far to the other countries as Mongolia, Japan, Korea, ChinaGradual Chinese Buddhism flourished with raising number of monasteries and monks. Need of Buddhist studying was important and impacted to many classes in society. However there was big problem for Chinese Buddhism which was missing Buddhist texts or having some shortcomings and discrepancies in the body of translations. Therefore there were many Chinese monks ventured a danger to go to homeland of Buddha to bring back their country these sacred materials. Fa hsien was appreciated as a first Chinese monk go to India. In this article will explain about biography, the purpose, journey, precious works of Fa hsien and special discuss about the difference between travelling of Fa hsien and Hsuan Tsang. Im sure that His diary during journey will be nice, useful writing for historians, archaeologists who want to understand clearly about the background of India Buddhim at that time

Keywords: The first Chinese Pilgrim, Fa hsien, comparison with travelling of Hsuan Tsang



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