Seema Hiwale, Vishakha D. Ganvir
Abstract: Play therapy is a form of counseling or psychotherapy that uses play to communicate with and help people, especially children, to prevent or resolve psychosocial challenges. This is thought to help them towards better social integration, growth and development, emotional modulation, and trauma resolution. The various research studies are done to reduce the school phobia among the children by providing different play therapies or strategy to reduce children separation anxiety disorder. This study was based on Quantitative and evaluative approach. The method used for this study was Non equivalent control group pre test post test design i.e., quasi experimental research design. 60 samples were selected with non-probability purposive sampling technique which divided into two control group (30) and experimental group (30). Sample selection was based on inclusive and exclusive criteria. The tools used for this study was modified preschool separation anxiety scale with including selected Demographic variables, which was prepared on the basis of review of literature, various information & informal discussion with the patients. While data collection process followed the ethical consideration such as written permission was obtained from school authority and informed written consent obtained from mothers of preschool children. Based on the objectives and the hypothesis the data were analyzed by using various statistical tests. Analysis of data showed that there is significant difference between pre test and post test level preschooler separation anxiety disorder in experimental group. The calculated t values are much higher than the tabulated values. Hence it is statistically interpreted that the group play therapy for preschool children was effective to reduce the preschooler separation anxiety disorder.
Keywords: Group Play Therapy, Preschooler, Separation Anxiety Disorder, Phobia, School Environment