Dr. Benedicto William Msangya
Abstract: Multilateral aids are provided by multilateral organizations to developing countries for the purpose of addressing some developmental challenges in various sectors of the economy. For example; multilateral organizations such as World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and United Nations organizations such as UNDP, UNESCO, FAO, WFP and others are great providers of multilateral aids to developing countries. The main objective of the study was to critically examine the barriers that impede agricultural aid effectiveness on boosting farmers? livelihoods. The findings revealed that USAID in Mvomero district was constrained by the short funding life span. The field research tools included the semi structured questionnaire (on small scale farmers) and interview guides (on key informants). Analysis of qualitative data was through displays of the respondent's direct responses, and statistical analysis was done using a computerized programme SPSS and more manipulations with the use of Ms Excel in drawing graphs. The findings revealed that the government agricultural mechanism of subsidizing fertilizers for farmers was not properly implemented and therefore making small scale farmers buy fertilizers at higher prices and some failing to buy at all. This means that knowledge acquired during the project trainings on the use of fertilizers will not be effectively utilized and therefore frustrating the efforts of the donors. When agricultural policies in the recipient countries are weak, the donor agricultural interventions will crumble as well and thereby affecting aid effectiveness. The findings also revealed that the main challenge was market for the rice products. Small scale farmers said they did not have a reliable market to sell their rice products.
Keywords: Agricultural Aid, Effectiveness, Small Scale Farmers, Tanzania