Dr. N. Thyagaraju
Abstract: Poverty as Poverty is hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter; is being sick and not being able to see a doctor; not having access to school and not knowing how to read; is not having a job, is fear for the future, living one day at a time. Primary causes of poverty are Unemployment, Inflation, Poor management of resources, Government policies, Under-Education, Debt, Corruption, Extreme weather, , Lack of control in local food, Lack of access to education, Mental illness - lack of proper psychiatric care, World hunger, Epidemic diseases, Automation - Technological Unemployment, Over Population, Historical causes like Slavery, War, Conquest Etc., Poverty Eradication strategies are broadly categorized here based on whether they make more of the basic human needs available or whether they increase the disposable income needed to purchase those needs. Poverty and inequality are interlinked. Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), TrainingRural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM) ; Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA) ; National Rural Employment Programme (NREP) ; Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) ; Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) ; Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) ; Million Well Scheme (MWS) ; Prime Ministers Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) ; Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY) ; Jai Praksah Rozgar Guarantee Yojana (JPRGY) ; Rural Housing Schemes; Poverty can be eradicated only when the various facilities and concessions for the up-liftment of the downtrodden actually reach them.. Several poverty alleviation programmes have been launched by the central government for the rural poor, comprising small and marginal farmers, landless labourers and rural artisans. Providing the basic amenities in rural areas such as roads, drinking water, schools, medical help, credit supply (banks) and marketing facilities and so on is must. All these will create employment opportunities in rural areas and shall help in reducing poverty. The approach of this scheme is to employ the poor on building durable and productive community assets such as roads, small irrigation facilities, school buildings, rural electrification. These durable productive assets after completion would create employment opportunities on sustained basis.
Keywords: Poverty, Eradication of Poverty, Programmes, Measures, Guidelines, Eradication of Poverty Schemes, Employment Generation Schemes