Darakhshan Afreen Shaikh, Rashmi Patil
Abstract: Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose resulting from increased hepatic glucose, inadequate insulin secretion and impaired insulin action. Insulin is secreted by beta cells of islets of Langerhans of pancreas. Diabetes is also termed as hyperglycaemia that is elevated blood glucose. Antihyperglycemics treat diabetes by lowering blood glucose level. Hyperglycaemia results in significant morbidity and mortality. Diabetes is associated with various complications like peripheral neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, artery disease, etc. One of the etiologic implicated in the development of diabetes and its complications is the damage induced by free radicals and hence an antidiabetic compound with antioxidant properties would be more beneficial, hence herbs having antioxidant properties are also included. Various herbs are classified on the basis of their parts used in the treatment of diabetes, along with their chemical constituents.
Keywords: Hyperglycaemia, diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease