Kamal Singh Alawa
Abstract: Present paper investigation was has been carried out during 2017 to 2018. Ethno botanical information was gathered through individual interviews and observation among the tribals. Dhar district is mainly inhabited by different tribal communities and livelihood of these tribal peoples depends mainly upon the land, agriculture, hunting, fishing and collection of food product, bamboo work and labor of any kind. Fishing is an alternative occupation of the Bheel tribes and folk of the study area. They use their indigenous knowledge about plants for local fishing communities easily. Fish traps made of natural conservation using indigenous knowledge system of traditionally employed to catch the fishes in inland water bodies. In addition to agriculture, fishing and trapping are other part of life for the tribal people. Altogether, 18 plants belonging to 18 genera and 15 families were encountered during the study area, which were used as fish poisoning plants. It was found that most of these indigenous fish catching devices made of locally available bio-degradable material and have less construction cost making them reality acceptable among the traditional fishermen.
Keywords: Bheel tribe, Dhar district, fishing, fish poison plants, Madhya Pradesh, trapping