Bui Phuong Loan
Abstract: Thien is the Vietnamese name of the Zen school of Buddhism. Thien is derived from Chinese word Zen that is in turn from the Pali term Jhna (Sanskrit: Dhyna). Buddhism was transmitted to Vietnam at the end of the second century and in the beginning of the third century by Master Khuong Tang Hoi until the sixth seventh and eighth centuries, other lineages appeared such as Vintaruci and Wu Yan Tong. The existence of these lineages had made Buddhism more dominant. In the tenth and eleventh centuries (after Dinh, Le, Ly, and Tran dynasties), Vietnam became independent. Buddhism had been a great contribution to the formation of Vietnam and the religious learning. From the king to citizens, everyone was devoted in Buddhism. This is said that Vietnamese people follow the Seven Conditions of a Nations Welfare that was taught by Buddha himself to Vajjis people of ancient Vaishali: frequent gatherings, and their meetings well attended; always show respect, honor, esteem and veneration towards their elders and think it worthwhile to listen to them; assemble and disperse peacefully and attend to their affairs in concord; neither enact new decrees nor abolish existing ones, but proceed in accordance with their ancient constitutions... This is the case the growth of the Vietnamese three times defeated Mongolian invasions, is to be expected, nor their decline. The Vietnamese Buddhist history of two thousands years is replete with examples of the influence of the pagodas and stupas on the thought and culture of Vietnam. It shows the importance role of pagodas and stupas in the spiritual life of Vietnamese people. Reflects consciuosness of the closeness between pagodas with the spiritual life of countryside people has a habit of making merry on the occasion of newly built house. The pagoda does, too. Moreover, every occasion of inauguration and rebuilding of a stupa, carrying of a Buddhist statue for worship or a graving festival ceremony has special significance in the Vietnamese society. This is a long striding custom.
Keywords: Thien, Zen, Master Khuong Tang Hoi, Master Van Hanh, Tran Dynasty, Seven conditions of a Nations welfare