Akash Ramaswamy, Shibumon M. M.
Abstract: Background and objectives Varicose veins are common in the general population. It is estimated that 15 -20 % of Indian population is suffering from varicose veins. Varicose veins are more common in certain occupations like teachers, labourers, nurses, etc. Research on the prevalence of varicose veins among healthcare professionals is scant. The objectives of this study were to describe the current prevalence of varicose veins, associated risk factors and prevalence of its complications among health care professionals. Materials and methods It is a cross-sectional study involving 225 healthcare professionals (nurses and doctors) who were randomly selected. Data was collected using proformas. Positive cases for varicose veins were subjected to clinical examination. Results Two hundred and twenty-five subjects were included in the study of which 23.6 % were doctors and 76.4 % nurses. Majority of respondents were females (81.8 %). Varicose veins were identified in 34.1 % nurses and 9.6 % doctors. Complications were noted in 23.4 %. Most common symptoms were calf pain (81.3 %) and muscle cramps (75 %).A history of prolonged standing was present in 96.9 % of positive responders and 43.8 % had a family history for varicose veins. Bilateral involvement was noted in 45 % and unilateral involvement in 55 %. Interpretation & conclusions Based on the current study, 28 % of healthcare professionals are suffering from Varicose Veins. A higher prevalence is seen among nurses compared to doctors. Complications were noted in one-fourths of them. The study also showed strong relation with prolonged standing, pregnancy and family history. Also, the study showed that majority of positive cases was aware of their condition but did not seek medical attention.
Keywords: Healthcare professionals - occupational hazard - Varicose Veins Vascular surgery