Nadia Mohammad Kazem
Abstract: Background Green tea is primarily abundant in health-promoting flavonoids involving catechins and their derivatives (which assess for 30% of the weight of a leaf). Epigallocatechin-3-gallate is the most copious catechin found in green tea, which is believe to act a central role in the green tea's antioxidant and anticancer effects. Catechins should be regarded right side by side of the better antioxidants such as vitamins C and E as potent scavengers for free radical and for this reason is health-supportive. By preventing bone resorption, reducing inflammation and restricted certain bacteria growth related to disease of periodontium, it has been found that green tea also encourage periodontal health .Aim of the study This study was undertaken to determine clinically the green tea effect on chronic periodontitis.
Material and methods The persons enrolled in this study were taken from the patients attending the dentistry college, University of Baghdad. The whole sample of study composed of 33 chronic periodontitis patients (male and female) with age range from 35 to 60 years. For all patients PL ,GI,PPD were meatured before scaling then after 2 weeks. Those patients were separated into two groups First group composed of 20 patients (males and females) only scaling was performed. And the Second group composed of 13 patients ( males and females) scaling was performed and told the patients to drink daily 3 cups of green tea.
Results The study revealed that there is positive effect on periodontitis from the green tea clinically it has positive effects on periodontal health status. GI, PLI and PPD for participants consuming green tea was lower than those without consuming green tea with highly significant differences for PPD and PLI and no differences statistically for GI.
Conclusion Consumption of green tea after scaling has very advantageous effect on treatment of chronic periodontitis .
Keywords: green tea, periodontitis, catechin and plant extract