Downloads: 130 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12
Research Paper | Dental Science | Iraq | Volume 6 Issue 12, December 2017
Smoking and Dental Stain among Fifth Grade Dental Students, University of Baghdad
Dina Hamid Obaid, Noor Hayder Fadhil
Background Smoking is the largest preventable risk factor for morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Smoking has many effects on the body like lung cancer, oral cancer, heart disease, and stroke typically do not occur until years. Smoking also has many effects on oral cavity, one of these effects is teeth staining or called (smoking stain). Aims of the study To compare occurrence of dental stain between smokers and nonsmokers, among dental students, and to explore the relation between duration of, number of cigarettes smoking and the type of dental stain. Materials and Methods The sample collected was 40 males (23 years old), 5th grade dental students university of Baghdad, divided into two groups 20 smokers and 20 control. All teeth of the students were examined for the presence of dental stain, distribution of that stain and the color of the stain according to Leung (1950).Results The percentage of dental stain was 90 % among smokers, while it is 65 % among non-smokers. The brown dental stain was the comments type among both groups, followed by the yellow stain, while none was seen with the green and orange stain. Results demonstrated that the duration of smoking and the numbers of cigarettes smoked did not affect dental stain. Conclusion Smoking may have an influence on extrinsic dental stain.
Keywords: Smoking, dental stain, leung index
Edition: Volume 6 Issue 12, December 2017
Pages: 936 - 938
How to Cite this Article?
Dina Hamid Obaid, Noor Hayder Fadhil, "Smoking and Dental Stain among Fifth Grade Dental Students, University of Baghdad", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART20178738, Volume 6 Issue 12, December 2017, 936 - 938
Enter Your Email Address and Click Download Button
Similar Articles with Keyword 'Smoking'
Evaluation of Salivary Alanine Aminotransferase Enzyme level in Smoker Patients with Peptic Ulcer in Relation to Periodontal Condition
Noor Sabah Irhayyim, Maha Abdul Aziz Ahmed
Let?s Talk about Oral Health - Because it Matters in Global Health Aspect
Dr. Soumalya Ghosh, Dr. Amini Ndisanze
Oral Inflammatory Lesions and Presence of Mast Cells: A Pilot Study
Dr. Nawal Khan, Dr. Munaza Shafi
Efficacy of Tranexamic Acid Mouthrinse as a Haemostatic Agent after Extraction in Patients Who are on Anticoagulant and Anti Platelet Therapy
Decisive Analysis of Smoking and Periodontal Syndrome at Selected Dental Clinics, Saudi Arabia
Dr. Alhassan Khalid Alasiari, Dr. Abrar Abdulrazaq Makhdom