Laurance Yahya Salih
Abstract: The environmental problem can be attributed to a number of causes which affect the economic ideology. The economic theory deals with the environmental assets, such as water, air and soil, besides many other natural resources which exist on and inside the Earth, as free goods that are up for grabs to whomever and in whatever way without limits and free of charge. This is the core problem of environment and resources. A study on the cell-phone transmission stations concludes that relevant operators transmit at frequency ranges beyond the international standards and that the highest density of capacity transmitted is 24, 7119 m/mw, a result which proved through testing and analysis maintained in the study area to have negative impacts on human health. 32 % of the study participants confirmed that conclusion. Also, by estimating the economic burdens resulting from this type of environmental deterioration it is found not cost-effective, as the direct costs within the study area is approximately 1666897 USD. As a result of the market failure to estimate and internalize these costs, i.e. negative external impacts, into the service production costs, a third party, the state for example, is needed to step in and have the costs of such effects internalized through imposing taxes and charges.
Keywords: Radioactive contamination, Electromagnetic radiation, Negative externalities, Economic costs