Dr. Ashari Ismail
Abstract: This study is the result of research conducted on environmental conservation based on local culture as a symbolic study and reality of community behavior patterns. This study explores local knowledge in conserving and preventing environmental degradation, and efforts adopted by customary institutions and formal subdistrict government in preserving the environment. In this research, the approach used is ethnographic with the technique of tracing data. The grand theories used in exposing this problem are Max Weber's theory of social action, the theory of Behaviors, and Symbolic theory. This study found that Dewata Sewwae believers in the location targeted by the Tolotang Bacukiki symbolically are such communities that uphold familiarity with nature, and regard that the environment is part of their lifestyle. Similarly, by this research, the role of adat institutions and subdistrict governance in preserving the environment (forest) is significant. By the existence of customary tools becoming institutions that curb every act of forests exploitation. Similarly, the village level government is a formal institution that can serve as a medium for mediation between indigenous peoples' interests and formal rules relating to efforts to protect forest conservation.
Keywords: Environment, conservation, local culture, belief