Reza Ghulamreza, Alipanahzadeh Hassan, Azizi Mohamadjavid, Zalmai Saniulla, Baqeri Sayed Abulqasem
Abstract: Background: Cholecystitis is one of the most common diseases of the digestive system that can in appear acute or chronic forms. Various factors are involved in causing this disease. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of acute and chronic cholecystitis based on ages, sexes, and residential place. Methods: Patients had undergone surgery in Ali Abad Hospital during the first six months of 2018 (March- September) were included in this study. The collected data is analyzed by SPSS 16.0. The collected data, is presented as percentages, the mean and standard deviation in the form of tables and graphs. Results: In this study, 104 patients due to Cholelithiasis had undergone surgery were selected. One-tenth (9.6 percent) of the participants were male, and 90.4 percent female. Twenty-five percent of participants were younger than 40 years old and more than half (57.7 percent) arebetween 40-59 years old. One fifth (20.2 %) of the participants were single and 79.8 % are married. The prevalence of acute cholecystitis was 11.5 %, the prevalence of chronic cholecystitis was 3.8 % and the overall prevalence of cholecystitis was 15.4 %. Prevalence of cholecystitis was greater among men, those are 60 years old or older, and those who were single, but these differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the prevalence of acute cholecystitis was higher than chronic cholecystitis. Its prevalence varied according to demographic characteristics but was not statistically significant, which may be due to insufficient sample size.
Keywords: cholecystitis, digestive tract, epidemiology, cholecystectomy