Dr. Girish V. Patil, Dr. Shishirkumar
Abstract: Study on arterial segments of the human kidney has been undertaken because of its surgical importance in making a relatively bloodless surgical approach to the kidney and to save the healthy renal tissue in partial nephrectomy and nephrolithotomy. The advent of more conservative methods in the renal surgeries has necessitated a more precise knowledge of renal vascularisation and that has consequently assumed new importance. Total 100 adult human kidneys were studied in the present work which were collected and studied. The valuable contribution of anatomical knowledge to operative surgery, particularly in partial or segmental resection of kidneys, will help further development of different techniques for the removal of calculi or affected part of kidneys. The presence of the arterial segments within the substance of kidney does not change, but, there is a lot of variation in the course and exact point of origin from the renal artery or aorta of these segmental vessels outside the substance of the kidney.
Keywords: Arterial segments, Calculi, Kidney, Nephrectomy, Nephrolithotomy