Downloading: Solitons: A Promising Technology in Optical Communication
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064



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Solitons: A Promising Technology in Optical Communication

S Sreedevi Nair, Vipal Prem

Abstract: Optical solitons are stable optical pulses formed by the perfect balancing of Group Velocity Dispersion (GVD) and Self Phase Modulation (SPM) in a fiber. These pulses carrying information would travel trans-oceanic distances without changing shapes and hence assures a high speed optical communication. Here, we present a review of optical solitons, focusing on its formation and underlying principles, mathematical model, challenges faced, and applications.

Keywords: Optical solitons, group velocity dispersion, self phase modulation, optical non-linearities



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