International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 99

Research Paper | Electronics & Communication Engineering | India | Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015

Channel Characterization for Underwater Acoustic Communcation in the Shallow Sea-Water

Karan Shankar, K. Saraswathi

this paper is intended to model the communication channel which is sea-water for the propagation of the acoustic signals. The shallow water experiences lots of turbulence due to high-speed winds blowing on the sea, which leads to breaking of the waves and thus formation of cloud bubbles. These bubbles are responsible for the variations in the sound speed profile causing potential attenuation in the signal strength, which is again dependent on the depth below the sea-surface. Thus, as the depth increases the bubble size and the density decrease. This distribution of the bubble plumes model the channel and their effect is dominant in rough sea-surface. The bubble model by Norton et al. , is used to give the parabolic distribution of the bubble size and density depending on the wind speed and depth below the surface. This model thus can be used to obtain the frequency response of the non-uniform channel, and so scattering due to bubble plumes is major cause for attenuation.

Keywords: bubble plumes, temperature gradient, diffusion

Edition: Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015

Pages: 1930 - 1934

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Karan Shankar, K. Saraswathi, "Channel Characterization for Underwater Acoustic Communcation in the Shallow Sea-Water ", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=SUB158568, Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015, 1930 - 1934

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'diffusion'

Downloads: 103

Research Paper, Electronics & Communication Engineering, India, Volume 3 Issue 9, September 2014

Pages: 2142 - 2145

Image Cryptography Based Upon Scrambling and Random Integer

Gurpreet Singh, Lovleen Kaur

Share this Article

Downloads: 107

Survey Paper, Electronics & Communication Engineering, India, Volume 3 Issue 12, December 2014

Pages: 1410 - 1413

Threats and Attacks Analysis of Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks

Riyazahmed A Jamadar, Mousami. S Vanjale

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'temperature'

Downloads: 5 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Review Papers, Electronics & Communication Engineering, India, Volume 10 Issue 5, May 2021

Pages: 195 - 198

Review - COVID-19 Detection System Using Image Processing and Biomedical

Prajkta D. Gawande, Dr. G. D. Dalvi

Share this Article

Downloads: 5 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Electronics & Communication Engineering, India, Volume 10 Issue 5, May 2021

Pages: 455 - 458

COVID-19 Detection System Using Image Processing and Biomedical

Prajkta D. Gawande, Dr. G.D. Dalvi

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'gradient'

Downloads: 53

Research Paper, Electronics & Communication Engineering, India, Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021

Pages: 143 - 150

VLSI Architecture Design and Implementation of CANNY Edge Detection Subsystem

Ragi R G, Jayaraj U Kidav, Roshith K

Share this Article

Downloads: 98

Survey Paper, Electronics & Communication Engineering, India, Volume 4 Issue 12, December 2015

Pages: 2201 - 2206

Survey paper on Sketch Based and Content Based Image Retrieval

Prachi A. Gaidhani, Prof. Bagal S. B.

Share this Article
Top