International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 132

Dissertation Chapters | Pediatrics | India | Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015


Effectiveness of Two Distraction Techniques in Altering Behaviour Response to Pain among Children (1-3 years) Receiving Immunisation at Selected Immunisation Clinics in Mangalore

Mukesh Chandra Sharma [4] | Theresa Leonilda Mendonca


Abstract: - Immunisation is the strengthening of the defense mechanism against infection. Untreated immunisation pain causes undue distress. In addition to this, lack of pain control for injection is a barrier to immunisation. Distraction is an effective means to alter the behavioural response to pain by diverting the attention of the child from the immunisation shot. Compared to music, toy is an effective distracter because of its audiovisual impact. The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of two distraction techniques in altering the behavioural responses to pain among children (1-3 years) receiving immunisation. Mehtod-An experimental approach with quasi experimental design was used. The study was conducted at different immunisation clinics of Mangalore. The sample comprised of 60 children aged 1-3 years. The sample was selected using purposive sampling technique and randomly assigned to Group I, Group II and Group III. Formal written permission was obtained from the hospital authorities. Data was collected using a behavioural observation scale. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result-The result of the study showed that Group II had significant higher behavioural response score than that of group I (t38=2.4897, P<0.05). ANOVA showed the significant difference among behavioural responses score of the three groups (F (2, 57) =6.7086, P < 0.01). The findings of the study support the effectiveness of toy as a distracter compared to music. A toy can be used as a distracter in immunisation clinics to alter the behavioural responses while giving immunisation.


Keywords: Effectiveness, distraction, sound producing toy, music, behavioural response, pain


Edition: Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015,


Pages: 141 - 145

Effectiveness of Two Distraction Techniques in Altering Behaviour Response to Pain among Children (1-3 years) Receiving Immunisation at Selected Immunisation Clinics in Mangalore


How to Cite this Article?

Mukesh Chandra Sharma, Theresa Leonilda Mendonca, "Effectiveness of Two Distraction Techniques in Altering Behaviour Response to Pain among Children (1-3 years) Receiving Immunisation at Selected Immunisation Clinics in Mangalore", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SUB157961, Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015, 141 - 145, #ijsrnet

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address




Similar Articles with Keyword 'Effectiveness'

Downloads: 3

Research Paper, Pediatrics, India, Volume 11 Issue 3, March 2022

Pages: 1185 - 1188

Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge regarding Pediatric Emergency Drugs and Calculation of Doses among Final Year B.Sc. (N) Students

Mary Daniel [2] | Dr. Radhika .M [2]

Share this Article

Downloads: 91

Research Paper, Pediatrics, India, Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020

Pages: 473 - 476

A Pre-Experimental Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Oral Health Teaching Programme (OHTP) on Knowledge and practice of Oral Hygiene Habits in School going Children of Selected Schools of Haldwani Block, Uttarakhand

Amandeep Kaur [51] | Vedamurthy R | Pratiti Haldar

Share this Article


Top