International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 105

Research Paper | Agricultural Engineering | China | Volume 4 Issue 7, July 2015


Effect of Conservation Tillage on Soil Respiration, Organic Carbon, Moisture and Yield of Wheat /Maize System on North China Plain

Albert Houssou, Guopeng Liang, Lili Gao, Xueping Wu, Huijun Wu, Xiaobin Wang, Dianxiong Cai


Abstract: Conservation tillage management can improve soil properties and reduces soil CO2 emission. We determined soil CO2 flux rate, soil moisture, crop yield, soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN), on North China Plain throughout a 3-year period. Tillage systems were rotary tillage without crop residues (CT), rotary tillage with straw incorporated into the soil (RS), and no-tillage with crop residues used as mulch (NTS). Soil respiration was measured with a LI-8100. Soil samples were collected at 0-20cm to determine SOC and TN. Dichromate oxidation and Kjeldahl methods were used to determine SOC and TN, respectively, and the gravimetric method was used to identify soil water content. The crops were winter wheat (Triticumaestivum L. ) and summer maize (Zea mays L. ). During the wheat and maize growing period, NTS reduced C02 compared with CT and RS. At 0-20cm depth, NTS increased SOC stock by 17.077 and 3.82 % compared with CT and RS, respectively. NTS maintained higher TN and compared with CT and RS. At soil surface layers NTS had higher soil moisture compared with CT and RS. However the crop yields under NTS were less than those recorded under RS, but were higher than what recorded under CT. Thus, this study suggests that NTS is suitable for North China plain farmers in the short term, but further research is needed on its long term effects on soil properties, respiration, and yield.


Keywords: crop residue - no-tillage, CO2-soil carbon sequestration, TN, water content, yield


Edition: Volume 4 Issue 7, July 2015,


Pages: 2460 - 2467


How to Cite this Article?

Albert Houssou, Guopeng Liang, Lili Gao, Xueping Wu, Huijun Wu, Xiaobin Wang, Dianxiong Cai, "Effect of Conservation Tillage on Soil Respiration, Organic Carbon, Moisture and Yield of Wheat /Maize System on North China Plain", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SUB156719, Volume 4 Issue 7, July 2015, 2460 - 2467

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'TN'

Downloads: 87

Research Paper, Agricultural Engineering, India, Volume 3 Issue 7, July 2014

Pages: 2078 - 2084

Performance of Zero-Till Drill for Wheat Cultivation at Farmers Fields

Singh Papu, Singh Sweta, Singh B. R.

Share this Article

Downloads: 106 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Agricultural Engineering, Egypt, Volume 4 Issue 2, February 2015

Pages: 1011 - 1017

Effect of Basil Leaves Extracted Juice Addition on Mayonnaise and Cake Oxidative Stability and Their Sensory Characteristics

Atef A. Abou-Zaid, A. Abdelahafez, May M. Amer

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'yield'

Downloads: 2

Research Paper, Agricultural Engineering, India, Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021

Pages: 1713 - 1716

Effect of Deficit Irrigation and Mulching on Water Productivity and Yield of Drip-Irrigated Onion (Allium Cepa L.)

David Rop, S. K. Pyasi, R. N. Shrivastava, M. K. Awasthi, S. K. Pandey

Share this Article

Downloads: 58 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Agricultural Engineering, Denmark, Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021

Pages: 315 - 322

Electrotechnical Characterization of a Stray Current Propagating Magnetotelluric Anomaly

Kim Horsevad

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'crop'

Downloads: 107

Research Paper, Agricultural Engineering, India, Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020

Pages: 1052 - 1061

Design of Ergo Friendly Sickle for Population of Bastar Tribal of Chhattisgarh

Purvi Tiwari, Dr. A. K. Shrivastav, Dr. A. K. Dave

Share this Article

Downloads: 2

Research Paper, Agricultural Engineering, India, Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021

Pages: 1713 - 1716

Effect of Deficit Irrigation and Mulching on Water Productivity and Yield of Drip-Irrigated Onion (Allium Cepa L.)

David Rop, S. K. Pyasi, R. N. Shrivastava, M. K. Awasthi, S. K. Pandey

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'residue'

Downloads: 107 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Agricultural Engineering, Tanzania, Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016

Pages: 2400 - 2403

Heavy Metal Loading in Agricultural Soils; Contribution of Tobacco Wastes. A Case Study of Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

Leonia Henry, Suleiman Amour

Share this Article

Downloads: 113

Research Paper, Agricultural Engineering, India, Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015

Pages: 2443 - 2446

Fuel Properties of Ethanol-Diesel Blends for Use as Engine Fuel

R A Parray, T K Bhattacharya

Share this Article
Top