Research Paper | Medicine Science | Indonesia | Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015
The Influence of Individual Characteristics and Work Posture toward Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) to the Inpatient Nurse in X Hospital Area of Surabaya
Ratna Fajariani | Y. Denny Ardyanto W.  | Hari Basuki N.
Abstract: Nurse becomes one of the high-risk jobs for Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) than other jobs. The transfer of patients has been identified as a contributing factor to the Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) on nurses, especially pain in the lower back, neck, and shoulders. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of individual characteristics and work posture toward Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the nurse in the X hospital, especially in inpatient. This study was an observational analytic study. Data collected by using Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) and the Nordic Body Map questionnaires were administered before and after working for 3 days in a row. Descriptive statistics and statistical analysis of categorical regression was used to analyze the data of this study. Statistical analysis showed the influence of individual characteristics and work posture together to MSDs of 47.4 % (R square = 0.474). The factors that most influence on MSDs gender and work posture, then work period and age. MSDs complaints ranging from the highest in a row that the lower back (72.2 %), upper back (66.67 %), upper neck (58.33 %), and hip (38.89 %). Individual characteristics and work posture influence on MSDs and most influential variables gender and work posture. Efforts to provide mechanical aids and periodic training to nurses on patient transfer techniques can be performed by the hospital to prevent MSDs in nurses.
Keywords: work posture, nurses, musculoskeletal disorders MSDs
Edition: Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015,
Pages: 3232 - 3235
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