International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 109

Research Paper | Chemical Engineering | Saudi Arabia | Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015


Modeling and Control of the Crude Atmospheric Unit in Khartoum Refinery

Moutaz M. Eldirderi, Salah Eldeen F. M. Hegazi


Abstract: The work undertaken, lead to a mathematical model of the distillation column that can separate multicomponent systems in Khartoum refinery. Software was developed and might be used for research and development as well as at the stage of starting - up and shut down periods. A case study taking Distillation Column Units (DCU) of Khartoum Refinery was studied and investigated. This work investigates the experimental data for the equilibrium of the Nile blend crude was determined. The equilibrium data were correlated (using short cut methods) and an equilibrium model was constructed. This model coupled with a multicomponent material balance was used for the determination of the number of theoretical stages, stage efficiency, and composition and temperature profiles. Three transfer functions around the condenser, the re boiler and the feed plate were determined. Software of MATLAB 7 was used to analyze the system stability, these were Nyquist diagram, Bode plot and Routh Hurwtz. The transfer functions of the reboiler, condenser, and feed plate were obtained. From the transfer functions created Nyquist diagrams, Bode plots, were converted from Laplace domain to Z domain, using MATLAB7 Software. A closed loop control strategy for the system was recommended.


Keywords: Equilibrium, Distillation, Matlab, Multi-components, Software, Condenser


Edition: Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015,


Pages: 2534 - 2539


How to Cite this Article?

Moutaz M. Eldirderi, Salah Eldeen F. M. Hegazi, "Modeling and Control of the Crude Atmospheric Unit in Khartoum Refinery", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SUB153640, Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015, 2534 - 2539

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'Equilibrium'

Downloads: 101

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, Sri Lanka, Volume 3 Issue 10, October 2014

Pages: 2068 - 2072

Ferric Sulphate Catalyzed Esterification of High Free Fatty Acids Content Waste Coconut Oil for Biodiesel Synthesis

Maheshika G. N., Wijerathna J. A. R. H, Gunawardena S. H. P

Share this Article

Downloads: 101

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, India, Volume 5 Issue 9, September 2016

Pages: 1384 - 1386

Isobaric Vapor Liquid Equilibrium of Tertiary Mixture of Hexane-Cyclohexane-Methyl t-butyl ether and Residue Curve Mapping

Shraddha Motegaonkar, Rahul Kulkarni, Shambala Shinde

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Distillation'

Downloads: 1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, India, Volume 10 Issue 11, November 2021

Pages: 767 - 772

Membrane Distillation

B. Pevan Kumar, M. Saravanan

Share this Article

Downloads: 105

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, India, Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016

Pages: 1387 - 1390

Liquid-Liquid Extraction of O-Cresol from O-Cresol and Water Mixture by Using Ethylene Dichloride as an Extractant

Suresh A Hattale

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Matlab'

Downloads: 120

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, Nigeria, Volume 3 Issue 11, November 2014

Pages: 861 - 873

Comparative Predictive Behaviour of Two Numerical Techniques to Simulator Design of a Reservoir with Surfactant Mixture in Enhanced Oil Recovery Process

Kamilu Folorunsho Oyedeko, Alfred AkpovetaSusu

Share this Article

Downloads: 147

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, Bangladesh, Volume 1 Issue 1, November 2012

Pages: 8 - 11

Performance Assessment of Control Loops

Partha Saha, Chinmoy Basak Mukta, M.A.A. Shoukat Choudhury

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Software'

Downloads: 126

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, Nigeria, Volume 8 Issue 1, January 2019

Pages: 1646 - 1655

Energy Integration of Atmospheric Distillation and Fluid Catalytic Cracking Units of Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company using Pinch Method

Victoria TIMOTHY, Usman Aliyu EL-NAFATY, Saidat Olanipekun GIWA

Share this Article

Downloads: 146

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, India, Volume 6 Issue 4, April 2017

Pages: 308 - 311

Optimization of Styrene Production Process using Divided Wall Column

Tanmay Kakade, Niraj Topare

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Condenser'

Downloads: 114

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, Nigeria, Volume 4 Issue 7, July 2015

Pages: 2349 - 2356

Investigating the Effects of Operating Parameters of a Reaction Integrated Distillation Process for SAME Production Using Aspen PLUS

Abdulwahab GIWA, Saidat Olanipekun GIWA

Share this Article

Downloads: 126

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, Nigeria, Volume 4 Issue 7, July 2015

Pages: 1218 - 1224

Modelling, Simulation and Optimization of Fatty Acid Methyl Ester Reactive Distillation Process Using Aspen HYSYS

Samson Chukwufumnanya NWAMBUONWO, Abdulwahab GIWA

Share this Article
Top