Research Paper | Material Science and Engineering | India | Volume 4 Issue 1, January 2015
Synthesis and Characterization of Pure and Fluorine Doped Tin-Oxide Nano-Particles by Sol-Gel Methods
S. Kar, S. Kundoo
Thin films of tin oxide (SnO2) and fluorine doped tin oxide (SnO2F) (FTO) were prepared by sol-gel dip-coating (SGDC route) method by using easily available low cost materials as we use SnCl2, 2H2O and HF. X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectrum showed all the peaks of the crystalline SnO2. The amount of strain was obtained 1.2 x 10-2 and the particle size as ~ 28 nm, indicating the nano-structural nature of the films. FTIR spectroscopy showed strong Sn-O and Sn-O-Sn bonding. UV-Visible spectrophotometric measurement showed high transparency of the films in the visible region and the direct band gap was calculated to be 3.35 eV. Current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the films were non-linear in nature, which can be explained by the Poole-Frenkel model of thermionic emission.
Keywords: Transparent Conducting Oxides, Sol-Gel dip-coating SGDC method
Edition: Volume 4 Issue 1, January 2015
Pages: 530 - 533
How to Cite this Article?
S. Kar, S. Kundoo, "Synthesis and Characterization of Pure and Fluorine Doped Tin-Oxide Nano-Particles by Sol-Gel Methods", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=SUB141111, Volume 4 Issue 1, January 2015, 530 - 533
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