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Research Paper | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 12 Issue 1, January 2023
A Study of Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Pregnancy and its Correlation with Obstetric Outcome
Dr. Kalpana Verma | Dr. Nitu Kumari
Abstract: Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is the most untreated nutritional deficiency in the world. Its deficiency during pregnancy is associated with complications like preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, preterm birth and increased risk for caesarean section. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with low birth weight and admission to NICU. Aim: To study prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy and its correlation with obstetric outcome. Material and Methods: Total 100 patients were studied for vitamin D levels and associated obstetrical complications over a period of one year. Result: 90 pregnant women out of 100 were deficient of Vitamin D. Maximum patients (70%) were less than 30 years of age. Vitamin D deficiency seen more in house wife (85.56%), and multiparous (66.6%) women. Obstetric complications were seen in 33% patients in deficient group. Low birth weight, NICU admission and low APGAR SCORE was not significant in Vitamin D deficient group. Conclusion: Our study show high prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency with less adverse fetomaternal outcome.
Keywords: Fetal and Maternal outcome, Pregnancy, Vitamin D
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 1, January 2023,
Pages: 603 - 606
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