Masters Thesis | Medical Surgical | India | Volume 11 Issue 9, September 2022
Knowledge, Attitude and Associated Risk Factors regarding Diabetic Retinopathy among Diabetic Patients
Esther Jeba Leena N. | Rebecca Sumathy Bai | Jeyalinda Christopher | Smitha Jasper | Vishalakshi Jeyaseelan
Abstract: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of visual disability and blindness in people with diabetes. Most of the patients are diagnosed to have diabetic retinopathy even before they are clinically diagnosed with diabetes. The objectives are to assess the knowledge, attitude, to identify the associated risk factors, to determine the relationship between knowledge and attitude, to determine the association between knowledge, attitude and selected demographic and clinical variables regarding diabetic retinopathy. A descriptive design was used. A convenience sampling method was used. The study was done in the outpatient unit in the Medicine department of Christian medical college, Vellore. The tools such as knowledge questionnaire, attitude scales and check list for risk factors prepared by the investigator were used as instruments. Adequate knowledge was found among 5.5% and 62.12% of the participants had adequate attitude regarding diabetic retinopathy. Identified risk factors are HbA1C values more than 7% (58.2%), hypertension (61.5%), those who were on T. Metformin (92.7%), and male gender (58.5%). There is a positive correlation between knowledge and attitude, as the knowledge increases there is an increase in the attitude level also. Significant association found between, occupation, family income, diagnosis of illness, current medications and attitude at p=0.001. Majority of the participants had inadequate knowledge regarding diabetic retinopathy. Nurses need to educate these patients and identify those with risk to develop retinopathy for early identification of retinopathy.
Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, associated risk factors, Diabetic Retinopathy
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 9, September 2022,
Pages: 93 - 96
How to Cite this Article?
Esther Jeba Leena N., Rebecca Sumathy Bai, Jeyalinda Christopher, Smitha Jasper, Vishalakshi Jeyaseelan, "Knowledge, Attitude and Associated Risk Factors regarding Diabetic Retinopathy among Diabetic Patients", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 11 Issue 9, September 2022, pp. 93-96, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SR22827153720
How to Share this Article?
Similar Articles with Keyword 'Knowledge'
A Quasi Experimental Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Protocol on Standard Precautions for Prevention of Infection in Terms of Knowledge among Staff Nurses Working in Intensive Care Units of HSK Hospital and Research Centre Bagalkot
Aslam Pattadkal | Prafulla Kumar D.
A Descriptive Study to Assess the Knowledge and Practice regarding Prevention of COVID-19 among School Going Children in Selected Schools, Kolhapur