International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Research Paper | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 11 Issue 6, June 2022


Effectiveness of Hand Massage on Reduction of Post Caesarean Pain

Nishigandha J. Ramgirwar


Abstract: Background and Aim: The prevalence of caesarean section has increased substantially in Maharashtra from 2010-2017 and still is continuously increasing. Moreover, it is obligate to manage the post caesarean pain non-pharmacologically including hand massage. However, there is paucity of evidence for effectiveness of hand massage on post-caesarean pain in mothers of Kolhapur. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of hand massage on post-caesarean pain in mothers of Kolhapur. Materials and methods: Quasi-experimental study was performed on 60 who underwent L.S.C.S and were on their 1st post-operative day in the selected hospitals at Kolhapur. The effectiveness of a hand massage was evaluated through a modified numerical rating pain scale using pre-test - post-test design. Reduction in pain score was determined through the qualitative and evaluative approach. Explanatory data analysis, paired t test and unpaired t test were used to analyze the data. Results: Significant reduction in pain was evident in the experimental group concerning pre and post-test pain scores (Mean difference ? standard deviation = 3.83?0.11; Tcal= 32.42; Ttab= 2.04; P<0.05). Moreover, when the post-test pain score was compared between experimental and control group, a significant difference in the post-test pain score was observed reflecting the effectiveness of hand massage in reducing LSCS pain (Mean difference ? standard deviation = 4.37?0.09; Tcal= 21.56; Ttab= 1.68; P<0.05). Conclusion: The hand massage was effective in reducing the post-caesarean pain. Hence, it can be used as a non-pharmacological therapy to reduce pain among caesarean mothers in Kolhapur.


Keywords: Caesarean section, Massage, Pain management, Post-operative pain, Pregnancy


Edition: Volume 11 Issue 6, June 2022,


Pages: 1536 - 1539


How to Cite this Article?

Nishigandha J. Ramgirwar, "Effectiveness of Hand Massage on Reduction of Post Caesarean Pain", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 11 Issue 6, June 2022, pp. 1536-1539, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SR22623101356

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