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Review Papers | Pharmacy | India | Volume 11 Issue 1, January 2022
Dr. L. Siddhartha  | Tula Meena Amrutha Sai | Sherin Annie John
Abstract: Alport syndrome is a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous disorder of glomerular, cochlear, and ocular basement membranes resulting from mutations in the collagen IV genes COL4A3, COL4A4, and COL4A5. Alport syndrome can be transmitted as an X-linked, autosomal recessive, or autosomal dominant disorder. Individuals with Alport syndrome have a significant lifetime risk for kidney failure, as well as sensorineural deafness and ocular abnormalities. The availability of effective intervention for Alport syndrome?related kidney disease makes early diagnosis crucial, but this can be impeded by the genotypic and phenotypic complexity of the disorder. This review presents an approach to enhancing early diagnosis and achieving optimal outcomes. Diagnosis is conventionally made pathologically, but recent advances in comprehensive genetic analysis have enabled genetic testing to be performed for the diagnosis of AS as first-line diagnosis. Because of these advances, substantial information about the genetics of AS has been obtained and the genetic background of this disease has been revealed, including genotype?phenotype correlations and mechanisms of onset in some male XLAS cases that lead to milder phenotypes of late-onset end-stage renal disease (ESRD). There is currently no radical therapy for AS and treatment is only performed to delay progression to ESRD using nephron-protective drugs. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors can remarkably delay the development of ESRD.
Keywords: XLAS, ARAS, ADAS, ACE, ARB, ESRD, GBM, TBM, COL4A5, COL4A4, COL4A3, end-stage renal disease
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 1, January 2022,
Pages: 1313 - 1318
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