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Research Paper | Medicine | Albania | Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022
Mortality in Infection Diseases, a Four Years Retrospective Study
Elda Qyra  | Edmond Puca  | Arjan Harxhi  | Najada Como 
Abstract: A disease is a pathological condition of a body organ or tissue that is characterized by a set of symptoms and signs. Infectious diseases are a group of diseases caused by microorganisms, bacteria, virus, fungus, and parasite. Aim: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of mortality during the period 2012-2015 in the Service of Infectious Disease Hospital of Tirana and risk factors. Material and methods: The study was retrospective. We studied all fatal cases from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2015. Epidemiological data, clinical and age characteristics were analyzed. Results: In the infectious disease hospital at University hospital of Tirana, during the years 2012-2015, there were a high number of hospitalizations, because it is the only referred tertiary center in the country. The total number of hospitalizations was 10,682 patients. Hospital admission criteria are clinical and laboratory. The cases of death in this period of time in our hospital were 185 (1.73%) patients, of which 52 cases are non-infectious pathologies, while 133(1.25%) cases are related to infectious diseases. AIDS and hepatic failure from the hepatitis B virus were two of the most important pathologies leading the list of pathologies with fatal cases. Conclusions: Regardless of progress in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, they still remain a major cause of mortality in the world and still there are major challenges to face.
Keywords: Mortality rate, infection diseases, AIDS, Viral hepatitis
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022,
Pages: 491 - 493
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