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Research Paper | Health and Medical Sciences | Malaysia | Volume 10 Issue 9, September 2021
A Pilot Study: Reassessing Young Breast Cancer Risk Factor in Mainland of Penang, Malaysia
Fitreena Anis Amran | Mohd Fareez Hairi Mohd Saupi | Jun Xian Teh | Nagarajan T Vellasamy
Abstract: Introduction: There is no clear cut off point determining age in young breast cancer. Multiple studies have shown that breast cancer among women diagnosed before age of 40 is increasing in trend and have poorer survival rate. Incidence rate among Malaysian breast cancer from the age of 25 and below 40 is also showed increasing trend. This is a pilot study to ascertain the risk factors among young breast cancer in mainland of Penang state, Malaysia. Method: This is a retrospective study which includes young women diagnosed with breast cancer from 1st January 2015 until 31st December 2019, from HSJ cluster hospitals. Inclusion criteria are 40 years old and below at the age of diagnosis of breast cancer, female with complete sociodemographic data. Result: This study has shown that 17.07% of women with young breast cancer are age before 31 years old and most are age from 36 to 40 years old. Young age at menarche (12 years old and below), positive family history of breast cancer, use of oral contraceptive pill, breastfeeding history and pregnancy history (parity at least 1 and above) are strongly associated with increased risk of young breast cancer with P - value<0.05. Conclusion: This is a small - scale study on young breast cancer patient. Larger population study will follow to confirm these findings and dwell further on other possible risk factors.
Keywords: breast cancer, young breast cancer, risk factor, family history of breast cancer
Edition: Volume 10 Issue 9, September 2021,
Pages: 8 - 12
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