International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 1

Research Paper | Nursing | India | Volume 10 Issue 7, July 2021


A Comparative Study to Assess the Health Behaviour among the Adolescents in Selected Government High Schools of Urban and Rural Areas of Kamrup District, Assam

Rituporna Dutta, Abha Rani Chamuah


Abstract: Introduction: Health behaviour is the activity undertaken by individuals for the purpose of maintaining or enhancing their health, preventing health problems or achieving positive body image. Actions that can be classified as Health Behaviours are many; examples including smoking, substance use, diet, physical activity, sleep, risky sexual activities, health care seeking behaviours and adherence to prescribed medical treatment. Adolescents are the young people aged between 10-19 years. It is a transitional stage of physical, physiological and psychological development. Morbidity and mortality occurring in this age group is mostly due to preventable causes. The heath status of an adolescent determines the health status in his/her adulthood. This comparative study was conducted on the health behaviour among the adolescents of selected government high schools of urban and rural areas of Kamrup District, Assam. Methods: It was a comparative descriptive study. Sample size was 144. Data were collected by using a self structured questionnaire, in the month of March, 2020. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. Results: Findings of the present study revealed that in urban area, majority i.e. 63.9% of the adolescents had moderately adequate health Behaviour score while 31.9% had inadequate and 4.2% had adequate Health Behaviour score. In rural area, majority 65.3% had moderately adequate Health Behaviour score while 33.3% had adequate and 1.4% had inadequate Health Behaviour score. Mean score percentage of overall Health Behaviour among urban adolescents was 74.18% and among rural adolescents was 82.40%. Mean score was 89.02 (?6.61) for urban area and 98.88 (?5.90) for rural area. Area wise analysis of Health Behaviour showed that highest mean score was obtained for tobacco use (18.88?1.96) and lowest mean score was obtained for exercise pattern (9.06?2.56) in urban area. In rural area, highest mean score was obtained for tobacco use (19.85?2.91) and lowest mean score was obtained for exercise pattern (10.89?2.14). Comparison of overall Health Behaviour by using unpaired t-test, revealed that there was a significant difference of the overall Health Behaviour among the Adolescents in selected government high schools of urban and rural area. (t=9.44, P< 0.001 at 0.05 level of significance). Area wise comparison of Health Behaviour revealed that there was a significant difference of the area wise Health Behaviour among the Adolescents in selected government high schools of urban and rural area. (t= 8.55, P< 0.00001 for Nutrition / diet pattern, t=4.66, P< 0.00001 for exercise, t=4.12, P=0.00004 for sleep pattern, t= 5.17, P<0.00001 for alcohol use, t=2.35, P=0.0196 for tobacco use and t=3.83, P=0.00005 for drug use). No significant association was found between Health Behaviour among the Adolescents and selected demographic variables. Conclusion: On the basis of the findings of the study, in can be concluded that majority of the adolescents had moderately adequate level of Health Behaviour in both urban and rural area. Comparison of Health Behaviour revealed that rural Adolescents had better level of Health Behaviour than their urban counterparts.


Keywords: Adolescents, Health behaviour, Government high school, Urban, Rural, Nutrition, Exercise, Sleep pattern, Alcohol, Tobacco, Drug


Edition: Volume 10 Issue 7, July 2021,


Pages: 1045 - 1050


How to Cite this Article?

Rituporna Dutta, Abha Rani Chamuah, "A Comparative Study to Assess the Health Behaviour among the Adolescents in Selected Government High Schools of Urban and Rural Areas of Kamrup District, Assam", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SR21722141946, Volume 10 Issue 7, July 2021, 1045 - 1050

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'Adolescents'

Downloads: 153

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019

Pages: 1636 - 1638

A Comparative Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding Early Marriage and Early Pregnancy among Adolescents Boys and Girls at Madhuramangalam

Sathyiabama, Azhagiri

Share this Article

Downloads: 190

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 7 Issue 7, July 2018

Pages: 1090 - 1095

Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge regarding Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome among Nursing Students

Sheelamma M.A

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Urban'

Downloads: 190

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 7 Issue 7, July 2018

Pages: 1090 - 1095

Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge regarding Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome among Nursing Students

Sheelamma M.A

Share this Article

Downloads: 159 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Nursing, Nepal, Volume 8 Issue 12, December 2019

Pages: 1880 - 1887

Effectiveness of Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Package on Knowledge Regarding Health Hazards of Junk Food among the Mothers of School Children in Selected Urban Area, Mangalore

Maharjan Purna Devi

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Rural'

Downloads: 153

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019

Pages: 1636 - 1638

A Comparative Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding Early Marriage and Early Pregnancy among Adolescents Boys and Girls at Madhuramangalam

Sathyiabama, Azhagiri

Share this Article

Downloads: 125 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 6 Issue 5, May 2017

Pages: 408 - 410

A Study to Determine the Prevalence of School Dropouts and its Association with Selected Factors among Children of 6-19 Years, Residing in a Rural Community of West Bengal

Baisakhi Sarkar

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Nutrition'

Downloads: 181

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 8 Issue 12, December 2019

Pages: 137 - 138

Assessment of Risk Factors and Likelihood of Kidney Disease among General Patients

Mahalakshmi A.L Prabhu

Share this Article

Downloads: 107

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 9 Issue 11, November 2020

Pages: 83 - 85

A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Iron Fortified Riceflakes on Hemoglobin Level among Preschoolers with Nutritional Anaemia at Selected Schools, Coimbatore

Pamitha Elizabath Baby

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Exercise'

Downloads: 0

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 10 Issue 11, November 2021

Pages: 324 - 329

A Pre-Experimental Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding COPD and Pulmonary Rehabilitation among COPD Patients in Selected Hospitals of District Hoshiarpur, Punjab

Richa Sharma, Dr. Parampal Kaur Cheema, Harpreet Kaur

Share this Article

Downloads: 0

Masters Thesis, Nursing, India, Volume 10 Issue 12, December 2021

Pages: 1131 - 1133

A Pre-Experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Home Based Exercises in Knee Pain and Functional Performance among Elderly of Mothrowala District, Dehradun

Poonam

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Alcohol'

Downloads: 0

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 10 Issue 12, December 2021

Pages: 706 - 710

A Study to Assess Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Using Hand Sanitizer among Nursing Students in a Selected Institution of Bhubaneswar, Odisha

Tapaswinee Swain, Soudamini Biswal, Ankita Mukherjee, Baishakhi Bhakat, Bitapi Haldar, Bithika Acharya, Shamima Akhtar

Share this Article

Downloads: 4

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 10 Issue 4, April 2021

Pages: 997 - 1004

A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Watermelon on Blood Pressure among Patient with Hypertension Attending Outpatient Department at Primary Health Centre, Adaikampatti, Perambalur

Prakash

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Tobacco'

Downloads: 0

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 11 Issue 1, January 2022

Pages: 720 - 722

Pre-Experimental Study to Assess Effectiveness of Awareness Program on Knowledge Regarding Substance Abuse and Its Consequences among Adolescents of Selected Community Area of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

Nitika Sharma

Share this Article

Downloads: 1

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021

Pages: 1615 - 1620

Effect of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Anti-Tobacco Measures among Adolescent Boys

Merin Annie Koshy, Terese Kochuvilayil

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Drug'

Downloads: 137

Research Paper, Nursing, India, Volume 7 Issue 3, March 2018

Pages: 1250 - 1256

Effectiveness of Acupressure at Sanyinjiao Point (SP6) on Menstrual Discomfort among Adolescent Girls in Selected Senior Secondary Schools at Meerut (UP)

Vidushi Yadav

Share this Article

Downloads: 1

Masters Thesis, Nursing, India, Volume 10 Issue 11, November 2021

Pages: 1180 - 1188

A Study to Assess the Drug Dosage Calculation Skills among Nursing Students with a View to Develop a Mobile Application on Drug Dosage Calculation in a Selected Nursing College, Greater Noida, UP.

Maimonah Ali Abdullah Abbas, Urmila Devi Bhardwaaj, Dr. Pawan K. Sharma

Share this Article
Top