International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Medical Science | Qatar | Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021

Reno-Cardiac Syndrome (RCS): A Clinical Review

Elmukhtar Habas | Raza Akbar | Fahim Khan | Abdel-Nasser Elzouki

Abstract: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are associated with significant heart structure and function changes such as increased left ventricular muscle mass, arrhythmias, and sudden death. This interplay of pathophysiological phenomena secondary to either acute or chronic kidney disease leading to Chronic heart dysfunction is known as Reno-Cardiac Syndrome (RCS). RCS is an intricate forum between the heart and the kidneys due to the culmination of many interfaces, which are hemodynamic crosstalk between the failed kidneys and the heart. Changed neuro-hormonal markers and inflammatory molecular signatures are characteristic of the syndrome clinical phenotypes. Understanding the pathophysiological phenomenon in play for RCS is vital to improve therapeutic strategies to combat the cardiac pathological changes in CKD and ESRD patients thereby reducing morbidity, mortality, and improving the outcome of CRS. In this clinical review, we will discuss the pathophysiology and new advancements in RCS management. Potential areas of new research projects will also be elucidated.

Keywords: Cardiorenal syndrome, CRS, type II CRS, Type IV CRS, terlipressin, ACE inhibitors, ARBs, inflammatory response

Edition: Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021,

Pages: 1705 - 1712

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How to Cite this Article?

Elmukhtar Habas, Raza Akbar, Fahim Khan, Abdel-Nasser Elzouki, "Reno-Cardiac Syndrome (RCS): A Clinical Review", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021, pp. 1705-1712,

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