International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Review Papers | Nursing | India | Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021


Eisenmenger Syndrome: A Comprehensive Review

Bharti Sachdeva


Abstract: Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is a medical complication, arising from large congenital anatomical shunts present in the heart. It is the most severe form of pulmonary hypertension characterized by elevated pulmonary vascular resistance and a reversed right-to-left shunting of blood in originally left-to-right shunting. Due to defects present at birth, pressure gradient initially results in a left-right shunt, which leads to severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and elevated vascular resistance. Eventually, due to increased pulmonary vascular resistance, the left-to-right shunt becomes a right-to-left shunt, leading to significant hypoxemia and cyanosis. Although the syndrome is rare and a cardiovascular nurse may not get to see many patients with Eisenmenger syndrome, nurses need to have some basic knowledge about the syndrome, in case they need to care for such a patient in their clinical practice. This review aims to summarize the current knowledge on pathophysiology, clinical presentation and treatment options available for ES.


Keywords: eisenmenger syndrome, pulmonary arterial hypertension, congenital heart defect, left- to-right shunt


Edition: Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021,


Pages: 1687 - 1688


How to Cite this Article?

Bharti Sachdeva, "Eisenmenger Syndrome: A Comprehensive Review", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SR21618181725, Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021, 1687 - 1688

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