International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Histopathology | Saudi Arabia | Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021

Detection of Cytological Alterations in Oral Mucosa among Female Cigarette Smokers

Faris Merghani Eltom [2] | Saad Ali S. Aljohani [3] | Asma Abdulrahim Alharbi | Eman Ahmad M. Eisawi | Ghaidaa Yasir M. Bedair [2] | Lama Sulaiman Alahmadi

Abstract: Background: Smoking is a major cause of cytological changes in the oral mucosa. We evaluated the cytological changes in the oral mucosa of female cigarette smokers, using Papanicolaou staining. Materials and methods: Oral smears were collected from 100female volunteers; 50 were cigarette smokers, and another 50 were treated as a control group. The smokers included in this study had been continuously exposed for more than 2 years. Smears were stained using the Papanicolaou technique. Results: Some cytological changes were detected among both cases and controls: atypia (1.0%, 0%, respectively), keratinization (0.2%, 0%, respectively), inflammation (20%, 9.8%, respectively), and bacterial infection (6%, 2%, respectively). Conclusion: The results showed higher percentages of cytological changes among female cigarette smokers users compared with nonusers; however, the differences were not statistically significant. The degree of change depends on the duration of alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking.

Keywords: cytological Alterations, Oral mucosa, Female, Cigarette smokers

Edition: Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021,

Pages: 1211 - 1213

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How to Cite this Article?

Faris Merghani Eltom, Saad Ali S. Aljohani, Asma Abdulrahim Alharbi, Eman Ahmad M. Eisawi, Ghaidaa Yasir M. Bedair, Lama Sulaiman Alahmadi, "Detection of Cytological Alterations in Oral Mucosa among Female Cigarette Smokers", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021, pp. 1211-1213,

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