International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Informative Article | Social Science | Kenya | Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021


The Coronavirus Disease and Social Stigma: Towards Improved Pastoral Care and Counseling to Victims

Edise Wairimu Ndirangu


Abstract: When individuals share specific diseases and some characteristics, social stigma tends to arise. Should the vice occur, adversities include loss of status, receiving treatment separately, discrimination, stereotyping, and labeling. Previously, pastoral care and counseling has been used to alleviate stigmatization arising from pandemics, with the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreaks in West Africa being a recent example. However, in the wake of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), there is an increase in the incidence and prevalence of social stigma, yet a disjoint exists concerning the work of pastoral care and counseling personnel and COVID-19 stigmatization. Therefore, this paper explores the relationship between the occurrence of COVID-19 and social stigma. Other themes investigated include the effects of coronavirus disease-related social stigma on direct and indirect victims, biblical insights about suffrage in society, and some of the strategies whose implementation might counter the perceived effects of social stigma accruing from COVID-19. From the findings, the paper has established that disease-related social stigma has led to the social isolation of groups, undermined social cohesion, caused members to hide illness in fear of discrimination, and a failure to adopt healthy behaviors. Thus, to respond to these problems, three strategies ought to be implemented by professionals in pastoral care and counseling. The recommended strategies include focusing on the trend of facing fears, spreading messages of seeking the Lord (because a disease such as COVID-19 is an occasion), and the sensitization of masses that a disaster such as COVID-19 and its associated stigmatization test people’s faith and also reveal their hope.


Keywords: COVID-19, Pastoral care, counselling, social stigma


Edition: Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021,


Pages: 1412 - 1417


How to Cite this Article?

Edise Wairimu Ndirangu, "The Coronavirus Disease and Social Stigma: Towards Improved Pastoral Care and Counseling to Victims", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021, pp. 1412-1417, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SR21321222455

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