Research Paper | Chemical Engineering | India | Volume 10 Issue 11, November 2021
B. Pevan Kumar | M. Saravanan
Abstract: Membrane distillation (MD) is a recent and unique separation Technology, in use in the process industry. The process of separation in MD involves the simultaneous heat and mass transfer through a hydrophobic semi Permeable membrane, using thermal energy. Consequently a separation of the Feed solution into two components ? the permeate or product and the retentate or the return stream occurs. MD utilises low grade or alternative energy, e. g., solar energy, geothermal energy, etc., as a source and is the most cost effective separation technology. Hence the process has come to acquire the attention and Interest of researchers, experimentalists and theoreticians all over the world. This article is a comprehensive review of the field of MD technology, including its basic principle, MD configurations, area of Applications, membrane characteristics and modules, experimental studies involving the effect of main operating parameters, MD energy and economic, application, Recent developments and innovations in hybrid MD systems.
Keywords: membrane distillation; MD; MD configurations; membrane Modules; parameters effecting MD; MD energy and economic
Edition: Volume 10 Issue 11, November 2021,
Pages: 767 - 772
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