International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Physics | Sweden | Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021


Are ATP Synthase and Black Holes Scientific Illusions?

Thomas Nordstrom


Abstract: Even though science has shown that phenomena such as Black Holes and ATP synthase are true subjects, existing in reality, and science has shown how they behave, no one has ever seen them directly. It is indeed indirect proofs and equations, and this can be the phenomenon of Plato´s cave. Furthermore, indirect proofs cannot handle the behaviour of reality; they are at the best fixed images. ATP synthase is a Transformer between molecules using the masses of elementary particles. The conclusion it that ATP synthase does not exist, it is not found in the cell. It is only an imaginary thing, based on wrong and not valid postulates and theories of physics and chemistry. Black Holes are Transformers between galaxies using packages of the so-called dark matter and dark energy. The conclusion is that Black Holes do not exist. They are only imaginary, based on wrong and not valid postulates and theories of physics.


Keywords: ATP synthase, Black Holes, Plato´s cave, Illusions of science


Edition: Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021,


Pages: 737 - 743


How to Cite this Article?

Thomas Nordstrom, "Are ATP Synthase and Black Holes Scientific Illusions?", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SR21111161628, Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021, 737 - 743

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