International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 55 | Views: 70

Survey Paper | Medicine | Iraq | Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021

Pneumothorax in Neonates on Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Support: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Outcome

Israa Hamid Salih [3] | Nahille Muthanna Majeed [3]

Abstract: Background: Pneumothorax (PN) is a life threatening condition that occurs more commonly in the neonatal period than any other period of life. Objective: The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of pneumothorax in neonates receiving continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) support, to asses risk factors and to describe management and outcome. Methods and Materials: This is a retrospective study including 477 neonates with a gestational age between 32-42 weeks, admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Al-Numan Teaching Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020. Patients were divided into 2 groups, those that needed continuous positive airway pressure support and those that didnt, information was taken from their medical records regarding gender, gestational age, type of delivery, clinical condition, management and outcome. Results: From the 477 patients, 11 patients developed pneumothorax (2.3 %).9 patients with CPAP support (1.8 %) and 2 without CPAP support (0.4 %). (2.4 %) of patients on CPAP support developed pneumothorax, while (1.8 %) of patients without CPAP support developed pneumothorax. Regarding patients on CPAP support who developed pneumothorax significant risk factors included prematurity (66.6 %), C/S delivery (66.6 %), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) 55.5 % and transient tachypnea of newborn (TTN). Drainage by chest tube was needed in 8 patients (88.8 %) and one patient died (11.1 %). Conclusion: Pneumothorax is a potential risk for neonates admitted to the NICU with a slight increase in prevalence in those needing CPAP support. Good observation, prediction of risk factors (prematurity, C/S delivery, RDS and TTN) and proper management are key factors for good outcome.

Keywords: Pneumothorax, PN, continuous positive airway pressure, CPAP, neonatal intensive care unit, NICU, respiratory distress syndrome, RDS, transient tachypnea of newborn, TTN, meconium aspiration syndrome, MAS

Edition: Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021,

Pages: 486 - 490

How to Download this Article?

Type Your Email Address below to Download the Article PDF

How to Cite this Article?

Israa Hamid Salih, Nahille Muthanna Majeed, "Pneumothorax in Neonates on Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Support: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Outcome", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021, pp. 486-490,

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Pneumothorax'

Downloads: 0

Case Studies, Medicine, Indonesia, Volume 11 Issue 9, September 2022

Pages: 765 - 768

Bronchiectasis as Silent a Serious Sequelae Lung TBC

I Gede Jordi Surya Prayogi | Ni Putu Ayu Diah Puspita Sari | Widastuti Dharmapala

Share this Article

Downloads: 1

Case Studies, Medicine, India, Volume 10 Issue 12, December 2021

Pages: 162 - 166

Development of a Large Spontaneous Pneumothorax after Recovery from COVID-19 Infection

Dr Prasad Jain | Dr Rashmi Rajur

Share this Article