International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Double Blind Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Research Paper | Nursing | India | Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021


Effectiveness of Icepack Application at Injection Site for Reducing Pain before Administering Intramuscular Injection

Babita Agrawal


Abstract: The present study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of icepack application at injection site for reducing pain on antenatal mothers having T. T. injection at People's Hospital. An order to achieve the objectives, an evaluative research approach and true experimental design was adapted and non probability convenience sampling technique was used to select the samples. The study was conducted over a period of 3 weeks. The data were collected from 40 antenatal mothers by using structured questionnaire and standardize pain rating scale VAS. Key words: Icepack, Intramuscular injection (IM), antenatal mothers, antenatal OPD, Injection T. T. Introduction: Pain has no future but itself, wrote the 19th century American poet Emily Dickinson, speaking about pain.1 As the 21st century unfolds, however, advances in pain research are creating a less grim future than that portrayed in Dickinson's verse, a future that includes a better understanding of pain, along with greatly improved treatments to keep it in check. Pain has been identified as the fifth vital sign by Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists. Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. It occurs with many disorders, diagnostic tests, and treatments. Pain associated with treatment includes the needle stick pain, postoperative pain and so on. Although we cannot adequately describe pain, we have developed effective ways of treating it.2 Need of the study: Health status of individuals may be positively influenced by the well being and experience of comfort. Individuals get hospitalized for a wide range of acut


Keywords: Icepack, Intramuscular injection IM, antenatal mothers, antenatal OPD, Injection TT


Edition: Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021,


Pages: 218 - 220


How to Cite this Article?

Babita Agrawal, "Effectiveness of Icepack Application at Injection Site for Reducing Pain before Administering Intramuscular Injection", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021, pp. 218-220, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SR21104145629

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