International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Double Blind Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 94 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper | Audiology | Afghanistan | Volume 9 Issue 8, August 2020


The Study Incidence of Traumatic Tympanic Membrane Perforation due to Age, Gender and Causative Agents

Dr. Abdul Habib Shafaq MD | Dr. Ahmad Wali Ataye MD | Dr. Abdul Aziz Naderi MD | Dr. Mohammad Sarwar Alburz MD | Dr. Din Mohammad Najah MD | Ahmad Zia Yosuf Zai | Dr. Mohammad Aref Ibrahimi MD | Dr. Esmatullah Rasoli MD | Dr. Abdul Hafiz Rahmati MD | Dr. Aziz Ahmad Zhawak


Abstract: Introduction: Traumatic tympanic membrane perforation may be due to direct or indirect source: 1) Inserting of object in to the ear canal for example cotton swabs or accidentally insertion.2) Concussion caused by an explosion or open handed slap across the ear.3) Head trauma, sudden negative pressure, barotraumatic, latrogenic perforation, the sign and symptoms are sudden severe pain, sometimes followed by bleeding, hearing loss and tinnitus. Diagnosed by sign and symptoms and otoscopy and audiometry. Objective: The aim of this article is to study traumatic tympanic membrane perforation. Method and Material: This research is an article review and included several articles which were published in most famous journals, google, pubmed, henari, medical text books and etc up to date journals. Result: In this research we included several articles regarding traumatic tympanic membrane perforation in patients from 6months to 70 years, the average prevalence of TTMP was found 37 % and most of the incidence was between 35-50 years. Conclusion: Traumatic tympanic membrane perforation is an uncommon injury that is under reported. There is the need to indicate on alternative punitive measure among students and security agents unskilled removal of foreign body. Early identified evaluation and referral of patients reduces the attendant morbidity.


Keywords: Trauma, incidence, ear, Tympanic Membrane, Perforation


Edition: Volume 9 Issue 8, August 2020,


Pages: 271 - 275


How to Cite this Article?

Dr. Abdul Habib Shafaq MD, Dr. Ahmad Wali Ataye MD, Dr. Abdul Aziz Naderi MD, Dr. Mohammad Sarwar Alburz MD, Dr. Din Mohammad Najah MD, Ahmad Zia Yosuf Zai, Dr. Mohammad Aref Ibrahimi MD, Dr. Esmatullah Rasoli MD, Dr. Abdul Hafiz Rahmati MD, Dr. Aziz Ahmad Zhawak, "The Study Incidence of Traumatic Tympanic Membrane Perforation due to Age, Gender and Causative Agents", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 9 Issue 8, August 2020, pp. 271-275, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SR20725142248

How to Share this Article?







Similar Articles with Keyword 'ear'

Downloads: 0

Research Paper, Audiology, India, Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022

Pages: 1027 - 1031

Quality of Sound in Post - Lingual Cochlear Implantees

Deepika Jayachandran [2] | Ranjith Rajeswaran | Saranyaa Gunalan

Share this Article

Downloads: 1

Research Paper, Audiology, India, Volume 10 Issue 9, September 2021

Pages: 591 - 594

The Use of Communication Repair Strategies by Young Adult Deaf Indian Sign Language Users - A Pilot Study

Asha Manoharan [2] | Ammu Parvathy .P | Aneesa .R

Share this Article


Top