Indo-Pak War of 1971 and Forced Migration from Chhamb Sector
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064



Downloads: 114 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙14

Review Papers | Social Science | India | Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020

Indo-Pak War of 1971 and Forced Migration from Chhamb Sector

Colonel Balwan Singh Nagial Retd

Indo-Pak war of 1971 resulted in forced migration of the people from Chhamb sector of Jammu region in Jammu & Kashmir. When Indian Army started building up in anticipation then internal displacement was started in the first week of September 1971. These people perceived this migration as the temporary one as it had happened before in 1947-48 and 1965 wars with Pakistan. They left their homes with whatever little they could gather in a state of hurry, panic and terror. People even left behind their old, infirm, pet animals and heavy loads in the hope to return back. During war these people were left to fend themselves and lived under the shadow of guns. Ceasefire was declared on 16 Dec 1971 and at that time Chhamb Sector under Pakistan’s occupation. Meantime, the Govt. of India in consultation with the Govt. of Jammu and Kashmir decided to shift these Displaced Persons (hereafter referred to as DPs) to camps at Manwal and Kishanpur, about 70 kms from Jammu on the Dhar road near Udhampur. They were impossibly cramped in tiny tents. A family of 5-6 persons was a given a tent covering about 13 Sq. ft area with no facilities whatsoever of bathing, cooking, toileting etc. They had no other option but to cope with these sufferings by surviving on their limited means of livelihood. It impacted them socially, economically and psychologically. Most of the people who suffered this displacement were senior citizens, women and children. Displacement, forced women to deal with the harsh realities of war. Suffering became more serious when the lone bread earner was lost. Women continued to be responsible for procuring and preparing of food, rearing children and looking after the elders and the infirm of the family. Faced with fuel and food shortages, lack of electricity, shortage of medicines and lack of safe water, these women faced a daily fight for their survival. Unemployment, loss of income sources, inflation and reduction in actual wages made people more vulnerable

Keywords: War, Displacement, Unemployment, Camps, Displaced Persons, Forced migration, Education, Health, Hygiene & Sanitation, Sexual abuses, Psychological disorders, Cross border firings, Disruptions

Edition: Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020

Pages: 1095 - 1105

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Colonel Balwan Singh Nagial Retd, "Indo-Pak War of 1971 and Forced Migration from Chhamb Sector", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=SR20616183243, Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020, 1095 - 1105

Enter Your Registered Email Address





Similar Articles with Keyword 'War'

Downloads: 27 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4 | Monthly Hits: ⮙27

Informative Article, Social Science, Kenya, Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021

Pages: 1412 - 1417

The Coronavirus Disease and Social Stigma: Towards Improved Pastoral Care and Counseling to Victims

Edise Wairimu Ndirangu

Share this Article

Downloads: 31 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4 | Monthly Hits: ⮙19

Research Paper, Social Science, India, Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021

Pages: 1033 - 1037

To Study the Attitude of Elementary School Teachers towards Environment Education in East Kameng, Districts of Arunachal Pradesh

Dr. Akash Keyong

Share this Article

Downloads: 35 | Monthly Hits: ⮙19

Research Paper, Social Science, India, Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021

Pages: 1562 - 1566

Family Happiness: An Empirical Study

Sasmita Panda, Dr. C. Satapathy

Share this Article

Downloads: 45 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙22

Review Papers, Social Science, India, Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021

Pages: 567 - 569

The Caste System in Indian Politics

Ratan Bar

Share this Article

Downloads: 50

Review Papers, Social Science, Indonesia, Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017

Pages: 1372 - 1377

Contribution of Islamic Thought toward Modern Sciences Advances

Mas'an Hamid

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Displacement'

Downloads: 86 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4

Review Papers, Social Science, Cameroon, Volume 9 Issue 4, April 2020

Pages: 1168 - 1173

Exploring the Potential of Intersectionality for Enhancing Refugee Womens Research in Africa

Ayuk Nyakpo Orock

Share this Article

Downloads: 93 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3 | Monthly Hits: ⮙16

Masters Thesis, Social Science, Kenya, Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020

Pages: 477 - 483

The Effectiveness of the Disarmament Exercise by Amisom in Somalia

Priscah Munyiva Mulinge, Dr. Martin Ouma

Share this Article

Downloads: 114 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙14

Review Papers, Social Science, India, Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020

Pages: 1095 - 1105

Indo-Pak War of 1971 and Forced Migration from Chhamb Sector

Colonel Balwan Singh Nagial Retd

Share this Article

Downloads: 127 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12

Case Studies, Social Science, Nigeria, Volume 8 Issue 6, June 2019

Pages: 652 - 660

Humanitarian Crises Management and Farmers-Herdsmen Conflict in Nasarawa State: An Assessment of the Management of Internally Displaced Persons

A. G. Umar Kari, Ogbu Collins

Share this Article

Downloads: 130 | Weekly Hits: ⮙6

Research Paper, Social Science, Gambia, Volume 8 Issue 12, December 2019

Pages: 866 - 872

Migration, Discrimination, Xenophobia and Racism in 21 St Century Africa: Implications for New Socio-Economic Consciousness in the Diaspora

Shaib Emmanuel Oluwatobi

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Unemployment'

Downloads: 50 | Monthly Hits: ⮙8

Survey Paper, Social Science, India, Volume 9 Issue 9, September 2020

Pages: 1223 - 1224

Role of Literacy in Peoples Lives and its Importance

Dr. Ahmadi Begum

Share this Article

Downloads: 113 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙13

Research Paper, Social Science, India, Volume 8 Issue 4, April 2019

Pages: 1786 - 1787

A Study of Rural Participation in MANREGA: Special Reference to Surguja District of Chhattisgarh

Dr. R. N. Sharma

Share this Article

Downloads: 114 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙14

Review Papers, Social Science, India, Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020

Pages: 1095 - 1105

Indo-Pak War of 1971 and Forced Migration from Chhamb Sector

Colonel Balwan Singh Nagial Retd

Share this Article

Downloads: 123 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙14

Research Paper, Social Science, Nigeria, Volume 6 Issue 10, October 2017

Pages: 1192 - 1196

Insurgency and Socio-Political Economy of Nigeria

KROKEYI Wisdom Selekekeme, DADI Timothy

Share this Article

Downloads: 129 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12

Research Paper, Social Science, India, Volume 6 Issue 9, September 2017

Pages: 241 - 245

Participatory Communication in Valleys of Manipur: A Yet to Leap for Sustainable Development

Dr Naorem Nishikanta Singh

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Camps'

Downloads: 114 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙14

Review Papers, Social Science, India, Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020

Pages: 1095 - 1105

Indo-Pak War of 1971 and Forced Migration from Chhamb Sector

Colonel Balwan Singh Nagial Retd

Share this Article

Downloads: 127 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12

Case Studies, Social Science, Nigeria, Volume 8 Issue 6, June 2019

Pages: 652 - 660

Humanitarian Crises Management and Farmers-Herdsmen Conflict in Nasarawa State: An Assessment of the Management of Internally Displaced Persons

A. G. Umar Kari, Ogbu Collins

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Displaced Persons'

Downloads: 114 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙14

Review Papers, Social Science, India, Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020

Pages: 1095 - 1105

Indo-Pak War of 1971 and Forced Migration from Chhamb Sector

Colonel Balwan Singh Nagial Retd

Share this Article

Downloads: 127 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12

Case Studies, Social Science, Nigeria, Volume 8 Issue 6, June 2019

Pages: 652 - 660

Humanitarian Crises Management and Farmers-Herdsmen Conflict in Nasarawa State: An Assessment of the Management of Internally Displaced Persons

A. G. Umar Kari, Ogbu Collins

Share this Article

Downloads: 144 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙10

Research Paper, Social Science, Zimbabwe, Volume 6 Issue 4, April 2017

Pages: 375 - 380

SADC as a Peace and Security Actor since its Inception in the Region

Joseph Muwanzi, Eric. S. S. Makura

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Forced migration'

Downloads: 86 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4

Review Papers, Social Science, Cameroon, Volume 9 Issue 4, April 2020

Pages: 1168 - 1173

Exploring the Potential of Intersectionality for Enhancing Refugee Womens Research in Africa

Ayuk Nyakpo Orock

Share this Article

Downloads: 107 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙15

Review Papers, Social Science, Nigeria, Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016

Pages: 1923 - 1929

What is Your Thinking in the Global Issues? European Migration Crisis: The Unavoidable Reality

Zubairu Abubakar Ghani

Share this Article

Downloads: 114 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙14

Review Papers, Social Science, India, Volume 9 Issue 6, June 2020

Pages: 1095 - 1105

Indo-Pak War of 1971 and Forced Migration from Chhamb Sector

Colonel Balwan Singh Nagial Retd

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Education'

Downloads: 122 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙14

Research Paper, Social Science, Qatar, Volume 8 Issue 11, November 2019

Pages: 1829 - 1845

The Long Way Home: The Social Diagraming of Philippine School Doha Alumni in the Philippines

Dr. Fredelito Don John A. Vallesteros, Dela Cruz Angelica, Delavin Alexandra, Merced Andrianna, Platitas Allyza, Tubello Jollienne

Share this Article

Downloads: 233 | Weekly Hits: ⮙6 | Monthly Hits: ⮙25

Research Paper, Social Science, Nigeria, Volume 9 Issue 3, March 2020

Pages: 314 - 317

Issues in Child Development in Nigeria

Barr. BerthaNnenna Otunta, Joy N. Ezeilo

Share this Article

Downloads: 158 | Monthly Hits: ⮙9

Survey Paper, Social Science, India, Volume 6 Issue 2, February 2017

Pages: 345 - 346

A Sociological Study of Sexual Harassment of Women by Youth in India

S. Ananda

Share this Article

Downloads: 31 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4 | Monthly Hits: ⮙19

Research Paper, Social Science, India, Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021

Pages: 1033 - 1037

To Study the Attitude of Elementary School Teachers towards Environment Education in East Kameng, Districts of Arunachal Pradesh

Dr. Akash Keyong

Share this Article

Downloads: 35 | Monthly Hits: ⮙19

Research Paper, Social Science, India, Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021

Pages: 1562 - 1566

Family Happiness: An Empirical Study

Sasmita Panda, Dr. C. Satapathy

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Health'

Downloads: 169 | Monthly Hits: ⮙11

Research Paper, Social Science, India, Volume 8 Issue 4, April 2019

Pages: 1487 - 1489

A Comparative Study of Existing Crimes and Dashavidha Paapakarma (Ten Sins) Described in Ayurveda

Dr. Manisha G. Dunghav, Dr. Sarita Ohol

Share this Article

Downloads: 136 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3

Review Papers, Social Science, Kenya, Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016

Pages: 988 - 991

Social Cultural Beliefs and Practices Inhibiting Behaviour Change among Bakhayo Men in the Era of HIV and AIDS: A Case of Nambale Division Busia County

Mudy J. Peter, Samuel Juma

Share this Article

Downloads: 27 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4 | Monthly Hits: ⮙27

Informative Article, Social Science, Kenya, Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021

Pages: 1412 - 1417

The Coronavirus Disease and Social Stigma: Towards Improved Pastoral Care and Counseling to Victims

Edise Wairimu Ndirangu

Share this Article

Downloads: 50 | Monthly Hits: ⮙8

Survey Paper, Social Science, India, Volume 9 Issue 9, September 2020

Pages: 1223 - 1224

Role of Literacy in Peoples Lives and its Importance

Dr. Ahmadi Begum

Share this Article

Downloads: 56

Research Paper, Social Science, Kenya, Volume 7 Issue 3, March 2018

Pages: 1681 - 1695

Effect of Motivation on Employee Performance: A Case Study of South Nyanza Sugar Company Limited

Eve Achieng' Goga; Dr. Wallace Nyakundi Atambo

Share this Article



Top