International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Most Trusted Research Journal Since Year 2012

ISSN: 2319-7064

Case Studies | Geography | Sri Lanka | Volume 9 Issue 5, May 2020

Recent Changes of Agro-Well Based Water Use Pattern and Agrarian Transformation: A Case Study of Mawathawewa Gn Division, Anuradhapura

I. U. Gamage

From the historical time Mawathawewa has been a Tank Village based on a Village tank /Small tank. Mawathawewa irrigation command area was the main food processing zone of the village. Every maha season has been cultivated by farmers under the farmer organization and wel- vidane system. Further, yala season has been cultivated depending on the water availability as a bethma system. Deciding the crop calendar, irrigation maintaining, paddy harvesting, and relevant traditions of rural agriculture has been controlled by the farmer organization. As the first external intervention, Anuradhapura Dry Zone Agricultural Project (ADZAP) was implemented over a five year period from 1981, for the establishment of a well-developed farming system in the selected places of the district, including Mawathawewa. The objective of the ADZAP project was restoration of minor tanks and practicing and encouraging Agro-wells including Mawathawewa (Jayasena, 1991). With the establishment of Agriculture Development Authority in 1989, and the intervention of provincial councils for the Agro-well development under subsidy programmes, Agro-wells have gained popularity (Perera, 2017 a). With this interventions of micro irrigation funding for Agro-wells, agricultural decision making has become complex. This study aims to examine the recent status of this Agro-well based farming system. Direct observations, questionnaire survey, map analysis and field measurements were used to data collection and data tabulation, calculations, GIS mapping and rational explanations were used to analyze the data. Previous chena cultivation has decreased by 60 % and Paddy cultivation in yala season reduced by 25 %. There is an evolution of the agricultural decision making in the area from farmer organization to farmer organization + subsidy programmes + political authority. Due to this complexity the future of agriculture of this area can generate new trends.

Keywords: Agro-well, Agriculture, village tanks, Agrarian change

Edition: Volume 9 Issue 5, May 2020

Pages: 325 - 329


How to Cite this Article?

I. U. Gamage, "Recent Changes of Agro-Well Based Water Use Pattern and Agrarian Transformation: A Case Study of Mawathawewa Gn Division, Anuradhapura", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=SR20430160150, Volume 9 Issue 5, May 2020, 325 - 329

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