Review Papers | Communication Science | India | Volume 9 Issue 4, April 2020
A Review on an Overview of Hantavirus
Akshay A Kshirsagar | Shankar R Randale | Vaibhav K Sontakke | Devanand N Kumbhar
Abstract: Hantaviruses are rodent viruses that have been identified as etiologic agents of 2 diseases of humans: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). This article presents a concise review of hantavirus biology, the medical features of HFRS and HPS, and tests for the detection of hantavirus infections in humans. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome is a disease found outside the Americas and denotes a group of clinically similar illnesses that vary in severity relative to the causative agent. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is associated with higher mortality than HFRS, was first recognized as a hantavirus disease in 1993, and occurs within the American continents. Recent genetic studies show that both Old and New World hantavirus species coevolved with specific rodent hosts. The list of distinct hantaviruses associated with HPS is growing. The burgeoning human population is causing disruption of natural habitats as more and more land is cleared for commercial and residential purposes. The Centre for Disease Control says that the virus is spread mainly from rodents. It goes on to say that infection with any of the hantavirus can cause hantavirus disease in people. Even when the world is trying to find a cure for the dreaded coronavirus pandemic, a report in Global Times said that a man from China's Yunnan province died from Hantavirus while on a bus to the Shandong province.
Keywords: Hantavirus, microscopy, history, prevention, treatment
Edition: Volume 9 Issue 4, April 2020,
Pages: 193 - 198
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