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Research Paper | Psychology | Nigeria | Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020
The Relationship between Social Support, Self-Efficacy and PTSD Symptoms among Trauma Survivors in Nigerias Niger Delta region
Abstract: It is widely acknowledged that trauma exposure is associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but not much is understood about the role of social support and self-efficacy in influencing survivors' experience of PTSD symptoms. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the association between social support, self- efficacy, and PTSD symptoms among trauma survivors. Two hundred and eighty-one (281) adults comprising 131 (46.6%) males and 150 (53.4%) females within the age of 18 to 64 years (M=29.62, SD=7.05), all inhabitants of communities in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria volunteered to participate. A cross-sectional design was adopted and measures used include the Social Support Scale (SPS), Self-Efficacy Scale (SES), and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C). Multiple regression analysis of data indicated a positive relationship between social support and PTSD symptoms, and a negative association of self-efficacy with PTSD symptoms. High level of social support was shown to increase PTSD symptom severity, whereas high self-efficacy reduced PTSD symptoms in trauma survivors. Clinical implication of the findings for mental health professionals in the Nigerian context in particular, and other relevant contexts globally was discussed.
Keywords: social support, self-efficacy, posttraumatic stress disorder, trauma survivors, Niger Delta
Edition: Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020,
Pages: 856 - 865
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