Diagnosing Abnormal Intraepithelial Lesion of Cervix to Screen for Cervical Cancer
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Gynaecology | India | Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020

Diagnosing Abnormal Intraepithelial Lesion of Cervix to Screen for Cervical Cancer

Dr. Uma Jain, Dr. Aditya Jain, Dr. Dilip Jain

Introduction: cervical cancer is the most common genital cancer among women in India. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is a premalignant transformation and abnormal changes in squamous cells on the surface of the cervix. The precursor can be readily detected by a painless, reproducible, and reasonably accurate screening test, the Pap smear, which has been the basis for the significant decrease in cervical cancer mortality. Aim of the study: was: the role of pap smear in detecting premalignant and malignant lesions of the cervix and to determine the prevalence of various lesions. Materials and methods: this was a retrospective study done in a private clinic and pathology lab in district Shivpuri (MP). The study was done during the period from 1st October 2018 to 30th September 2020. Result: In this study out of 500 cases, 2.8 % of cases were reported as unsatisfactory. Non-neoplastic smears were reported in (87.2) %, out of which, Inflammatory smear was 77.2 % normal smear were 6.8 % and atrophic smear was 0.4 %. Epithelial cell abnormalities were found in 10 % of cases. The most common epithelial abnormalities was ASCUS 4.8 % followed by LSIL 3 %, ASCH 1.2 %, AGUS 0.4 %, HSIL 0.4 % and SCC 0.2 %. IN our study the epithelial abnormalities were most commonly found in the patient of 41-50 years of age group. Conclusion: Premalignant lesions of the lower genital tract can be picked up in routine screening. Early diagnosis of cancer in the pre-invasive state has a better prognosis and advanced-stage morbidity is prevented. Pap smear is cheaper as compared to cancer treatment in the long run.

Keywords: Epithelial cell abnormalities, cervical cancer, Papanicolaou Pap smears

Edition: Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020

Pages: 169 - 175

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How to Cite this Article?

Dr. Uma Jain, Dr. Aditya Jain, Dr. Dilip Jain, "Diagnosing Abnormal Intraepithelial Lesion of Cervix to Screen for Cervical Cancer", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=SR201129174750, Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020, 169 - 175

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