A Study of Association of Placental Pathology with Neonatal Outcome in Preterm Births: A Prospective Analytical Observational Study
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Masters Thesis | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020

A Study of Association of Placental Pathology with Neonatal Outcome in Preterm Births: A Prospective Analytical Observational Study

Dhivya R, Nina V Kate, Lalitha P, Kanjanamala A

Preterm birth is multifactorial and has long term health consequences for the child. Placenta plays a central role in preterm birth and the placental pathology was associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in various studies, which highlights the importance of placental examination in preterm births. Hence, we studied gross and histopathology of preterm (cases) placentas and their association with neonatal outcome. Controls were term deliveries. A total of 300 placentas, 150 preterm and 150 term were examined and the respective neonates were followed for complications till discharge. Results and conclusion:Abnormal placental pathology found in preterm placentas were infarction (22%), calcification(44%), acute (2.7%) and chronic (5.3%) chorioamnionitis, marginal cord insertion (17.3%), thin cord (6%), false knot(1.3%).Fibrinoid necrosis (1.3%) and fleshy cord (4%) were found in term placentas. Outcomes in preterm neonates observed were low Apgar scores (10.7%), NICU admission (32%), respiratory distress syndrome (28.7%), neonatal jaundice (6.7%), intraventricular hemorrhage (2%), seizures (1.3%), retinopathy of prematurity(0.7%) and sepsis (3.3%). 45.5% of infarction in preterm placentas was associated with RDS and 25% of chronic chorioamnionitis was associated with sepsis were statistically significant, (p<0.05). Thin umbilical cords were significantly associated with IUGR and oligohydramnios.

Keywords: Preterm birth, Placental pathology, Neonatal outcome, Association

Edition: Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020

Pages: 1062 - 1065

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Dhivya R, Nina V Kate, Lalitha P, Kanjanamala A, "A Study of Association of Placental Pathology with Neonatal Outcome in Preterm Births: A Prospective Analytical Observational Study", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=SR201017124241, Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020, 1062 - 1065

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