Impact Assessment of Tin Mining on Heavy Metals Accumulation in the Soils of Bukuru Jos North Central Nigeria
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064



Downloads: 51 | Monthly Hits: ⮙16

Doctoral Thesis | Environmental Science Studies | Nigeria | Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020

Impact Assessment of Tin Mining on Heavy Metals Accumulation in the Soils of Bukuru Jos North Central Nigeria

Kwaghe E. J., Akamigbo F. R. O, Igwe C. L. A

This research was carried out to assess the impact of tin mining on the soils of Bukuru-Jos, North Central Nigeria. The study was conducted in three (3) locations of Bukuru study area namely, Gyel, Rabi and Fwarti. Twelve (12) profile pits were cited, three (3) of which were cited at the mined sites and one (1) at the unmined sites (control) in each location of the study area. A total of sixty (60) soil samples were collected from all the profile pits taken at 0-10 cm, 10 -20 cm, 20 -30 cm, 30 - 40 cm and 40 -50 cm, in 4 replications in each of the three locations of the study area. The result of laboratory analyses revealed eight (8) heavy metals identified at Gyel and Rabi locations, namely, Zn, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn, Cr, Ni and Cd. At Fwarti location, however, seven (7) of the heavy metals were identified, namely, Zn, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and Cd. Comparism of the mean values of these heavy metals with their respective FAO/WHO critical limits for agricultural soils showed that Gyel location was contaminated with Zn, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn, Cr and Ni. Rabi location was contaminated with four of the heavy metals identified, namely, Pb, Cu, Fe and Mn, while the abandoned tin mine at Fwarti was contaminated with five (5) of the heavy metals, namely, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn and Ni. The mean concentrations of the heavy metals identified at both the mined areas and control were above their respective WHO/FAO (2001) critical limits in agricultural soils except for Cd which was below its own critical limit, and Co which was not detected. Therefore, both the mined areas and the control, at least a kilometre away from the mined areas were contaminated with the identified heavy metals except for Cd. Bukuru soils were therefore contaminated with Zn, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn, Cr, Ni, which occurred in the followingorder; Fe> Mn > Cr > Pb > Zn > Cu >Ni.

Keywords: Impact Assessment, Tin mining, Heavy metals, Bukuru soils, Jos, North Central Nigeria

Edition: Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020

Pages: 1682 - 1688

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Kwaghe E. J., Akamigbo F. R. O, Igwe C. L. A, "Impact Assessment of Tin Mining on Heavy Metals Accumulation in the Soils of Bukuru Jos North Central Nigeria", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=SR201009201209, Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020, 1682 - 1688

Enter Your Registered Email Address





Similar Articles with Keyword 'Impact Assessment'

Downloads: 51 | Monthly Hits: ⮙16

Doctoral Thesis, Environmental Science Studies, Nigeria, Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020

Pages: 1682 - 1688

Impact Assessment of Tin Mining on Heavy Metals Accumulation in the Soils of Bukuru Jos North Central Nigeria

Kwaghe E. J., Akamigbo F. R. O, Igwe C. L. A

Share this Article

Downloads: 105 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4 | Monthly Hits: ⮙10

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Environmental Science Studies, India, Volume 4 Issue 8, August 2015

Pages: 1272 - 1276

Environmental Impact Assessment of Iron Ore Mine in GOA

Sangeeta Vasudeo Rashivdekar, Dr. G. S. Kulkarni

Share this Article

Downloads: 118 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, Afghanistan, Volume 9 Issue 9, September 2020

Pages: 1172 - 1179

Impact Assessment of Climate Change and Mitigation and Adaptation Methods on Water Resources in Kabul River Basin

Roya Quraishi

Share this Article

Downloads: 126 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙11

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, Ethiopia, Volume 4 Issue 3, March 2015

Pages: 236 - 241

Prospects and Retrospects of Environmental Impact Assessment Practices in Eastern Hararge, Ethiopia

Abiot Asmamaw Asmamerk, Zemenu Demeke Gebeyehu

Share this Article

Downloads: 128 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙8

Review Papers, Environmental Science Studies, Malaysia, Volume 7 Issue 8, August 2018

Pages: 859 - 864

Assessing the Ecological Inputs in Selected Forestry Related Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Reports in Sabah, Malaysia

Sollyantianna Edward, Leong Wan Vun

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Heavy metals'

Downloads: 51 | Monthly Hits: ⮙16

Doctoral Thesis, Environmental Science Studies, Nigeria, Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020

Pages: 1682 - 1688

Impact Assessment of Tin Mining on Heavy Metals Accumulation in the Soils of Bukuru Jos North Central Nigeria

Kwaghe E. J., Akamigbo F. R. O, Igwe C. L. A

Share this Article

Downloads: 92 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙15

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, India, Volume 9 Issue 11, November 2020

Pages: 198 - 202

The Levels of Heavy Metals in Pigeon Feathers in Different Areas of Ajmer City (Rajasthan): Feather as an Indicator

Krishna Mishra, Rajeshwari Acharya

Share this Article

Downloads: 94 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙16

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, Ivory Coast, Volume 3 Issue 7, July 2014

Pages: 1970 - 1975

Histological Alterations of Gill, Liver and Kidney of Black-Chinned Tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron Contaminated by Heavy Metals from Bietri Bay in Ebrie Lagoon, Cote dIvoire

Safiatou Coulibaly, Boua Clestin Ats, Essetchi Paul Kouamlan

Share this Article

Downloads: 105 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, Nigeria, Volume 9 Issue 4, April 2020

Pages: 1670 - 1676

Microbial and Heavy Metal Evaluation of Solutions of Ash Produced From Unripe Plantain Peels and Oil Palm Fruit Bunch Sold in Market Outlets within Afikpo South L.G.A. in Ebonyi State

Okeke O, Aniobi C.C, Ezeh E, Ochuba C.O, Ezejiofor C.C

Share this Article

Downloads: 108 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙14

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, Ethiopia, Volume 4 Issue 1, January 2015

Pages: 1424 - 1432

Temporal and Spatial Variations on Heavy Metals Concentration in River Mojo, Oromia State, East Ethiopia

Tamene Fite Duressa, Seyoum Leta PhD

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Jos'

Downloads: 51 | Monthly Hits: ⮙16

Doctoral Thesis, Environmental Science Studies, Nigeria, Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020

Pages: 1682 - 1688

Impact Assessment of Tin Mining on Heavy Metals Accumulation in the Soils of Bukuru Jos North Central Nigeria

Kwaghe E. J., Akamigbo F. R. O, Igwe C. L. A

Share this Article

Downloads: 121 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4 | Monthly Hits: ⮙16

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, Nigeria, Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016

Pages: 1372 - 1375

The Socio-Economic Benefits of Rural-Urban Migration: A Study in Foron District of Jos Plateau, Plateau State, Nigeria

Basil U. Eze

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'North Central Nigeria'

Downloads: 51 | Monthly Hits: ⮙16

Doctoral Thesis, Environmental Science Studies, Nigeria, Volume 9 Issue 12, December 2020

Pages: 1682 - 1688

Impact Assessment of Tin Mining on Heavy Metals Accumulation in the Soils of Bukuru Jos North Central Nigeria

Kwaghe E. J., Akamigbo F. R. O, Igwe C. L. A

Share this Article

Downloads: 121 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4 | Monthly Hits: ⮙16

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, Nigeria, Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016

Pages: 1372 - 1375

The Socio-Economic Benefits of Rural-Urban Migration: A Study in Foron District of Jos Plateau, Plateau State, Nigeria

Basil U. Eze

Share this Article



Top