International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 124

Research Paper | Environmental Science Studies | Kenya | Volume 3 Issue 10, October 2014


Status of Human Waste Management in Informal Settlements within the Urban Areas in Developing Countries: Case Study in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya

George Kwedho [2] | Pancras Grephas Opata [2] | Elijah Oyoo-Okoth [10]


Abstract: In developing countries, most people live in the informal areas where municipal services are rarely availed. How this affects human waste management is not clearly understood. Consequently, a study was undertaken to determine the status of human waste and their management in the informal settlements of Eldoret Municipality in Kenya. This was a case study involving interviews with a total of 257 households in the informal settlements and interviews with key informants in the realm of waste management of the town. Majority of the residents lived in rented houses. There was poor excreta disposal in the settlements areas. Significantly (P < 0.05) higher quantity of wastes was generated in the informal settlements than the formal settlements within the same environment. The ranges of human wastes generated ranged between 0.001 to 0.026 kg/person/day. The study revealed that the main facility used by residents for human waste disposal in the settlements was pit latrines which were poorly constructed, not properly maintained. Some of the facilities were full and thus discharged their affluent into the environment. The study recommended that with the help of Municipal Council of Eldoret, households to be encouraged to connect to existing sewer wherever possible. Furthermore there is need to exploit the production of biogas. It was also recommended that properly designed and constructed pit latrines, in accordance to health and environmental standards, be used in the informal settlements.


Keywords: Human waste, Human waste management, Eldoret Municipality, Informal settlement, developing countries


Edition: Volume 3 Issue 10, October 2014,


Pages: 198 - 202

Status of Human Waste Management in Informal Settlements within the Urban Areas in Developing Countries: Case Study in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya


How to Cite this Article?

George Kwedho, Pancras Grephas Opata, Elijah Oyoo-Okoth, "Status of Human Waste Management in Informal Settlements within the Urban Areas in Developing Countries: Case Study in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SEP14695, Volume 3 Issue 10, October 2014, 198 - 202, #ijsrnet

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address




Similar Articles with Keyword 'Human waste'

Downloads: 102

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Environmental Science Studies, Kenya, Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016

Pages: 2018 - 2024

Quantity of Sewage Generated in Secondary Schools for Potential Energy Generation in Kakamega County, Kenya

Ibrahim BARASA | Jacob WAKHUNGU [2]

Share this Article

Downloads: 106

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, Kenya, Volume 4 Issue 7, July 2015

Pages: 2379 - 2382

Stakeholder's Involvement in Human Waste Management in the Informal Settlements in Sub-Saharan Africa: Case of Eldoret Municipality

George Kwedho [2] | Pancras Grephas Opata [2] | Elijah Oyoo-Okoth [10]

Share this Article


Top