International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Double Blind Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 97

Research Paper | Physiology Science | India | Volume 3 Issue 9, September 2014


Effect of Industrial Pollutants on Physical Efficiency of Post-Menopausal Women in Urban Area

Dipak Kumar Bhuniya [3] | Sudipta Bhuniya [2]


Abstract: Present study evaluated the relationship of physical fitness, aerobic capacity and heart responses of Postmenopausal women (n=100) living in rural and urban area. Body fat percent was estimated by Siri equation putting the value of iliac skin fold thickness and arm skinfold thickness using Harpenden Skin fold Calipers. VO2 max was determined by treadmill exercise with direct measurement of oxygen consumption. Blood pressure was measured by Sphygmomanometer and the radial pulse rate (Beats/Min) was measured. Anthropometric data (Height, body mass) was taken by using Anthropometer rod, weighing machine and data were compared among the subjects of both groups. Blood Haemoglobin of both groups was measured by spectrophotometrical technique and compared. Rural post-menopausal women had significantly (p<0.05) posses higher lean mass, physical efficiency and aerobic capacity than urban menopausal women. Urban menopausal women showed a significantly (p<0.05) lower cardio respiratory responses to exercise than women living in rural area. Insignificant (p>0.05) differences of hemoglobin concentration and body weight of rural women was noticed in respect to post-menopausal urban women. Good nutrients have stimulatory where as Industrial pollutants have some detrimental roles on muscle strength and physical efficiency in either sex of human beings in all age group.


Keywords: anthropometric, ergometry, nutrient, pollutant, post menopausal, haemoglobin


Edition: Volume 3 Issue 9, September 2014,


Pages: 2179 - 2182


How to Cite this Article?

Dipak Kumar Bhuniya, Sudipta Bhuniya, "Effect of Industrial Pollutants on Physical Efficiency of Post-Menopausal Women in Urban Area", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 3 Issue 9, September 2014, pp. 2179-2182, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=SEP14641

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