International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 133

Review Papers | Chemical Engineering | Nigeria | Volume 3 Issue 11, November 2014

Production, Characterization and Process Variables of Biodiesel from Non-Edible Plant Oil (Neem & Soapnut): A Review

Abdullahi Isiyaku Kankia | Abdullahi Musa Abubaka [2] | Daha Umar Ishaq

Abstract: Owing to higher fossil fuel prices in the coming few years it becomes necessary to search for an alternative fuel which must be clean, green and economical. The 2nd Generation biofuels challenges a sustainable relaxation for whole world and for upcoming generations, if explored efficiently. Biodiesel is a more attractive alternative fuel source for diesel engines as they were well known in their renewability and non-polluted emissions. But the major problem arises for the commercial use of biodiesel is cost. In effect of searching alternative sources and based on experimental data, this review carries a better explanation on Neem (Azhadirachta indica) and Soapnut (Sapindus mukorossi) oil a cheaply available non edible sources, stepping towards the reduction of cost during the production and making as economically feasible model. As non-edible oils were enriched in higher levels of free fatty acid content hence, a two-step catalyzed methods is used in trans esterification process for biodiesel production. The comparison between the biodiesel produced from neem oil and soapnut oil taken place on the basis of their physicochemical characteristics, economic feasibility and eco friendly nature. The efficiency of the biodiesel is further examined in vehicle engine and an overview of gases emissions was noted. The physicochemical properties from obtained biodiesel were under lined based on ASTM values. The observed values of the biodiesel can be compared with the other oil. This review paper mainly focus on extraction of oil, biodiesel processing, physio chemical characteristics and effect of different parameter on production of biodiesel.

Keywords: Non-edible oils Neem & Soapnut, Biodiesel, Free Fatty Acid FFA, Trans esterification, Two-step catalyzed method

Edition: Volume 3 Issue 11, November 2014,

Pages: 456 - 460

How to Cite this Article?

Abdullahi Isiyaku Kankia, Abdullahi Musa Abubaka, Daha Umar Ishaq, "Production, Characterization and Process Variables of Biodiesel from Non-Edible Plant Oil (Neem & Soapnut): A Review", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 3 Issue 11, November 2014, pp. 456-460,

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Biodiesel'

Downloads: 101

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, Sri Lanka, Volume 3 Issue 10, October 2014

Pages: 2068 - 2072

Ferric Sulphate Catalyzed Esterification of High Free Fatty Acids Content Waste Coconut Oil for Biodiesel Synthesis

Maheshika G. N. | Wijerathna J. A. R. H | Gunawardena S. H. P

Share this Article

Downloads: 114

Research Paper, Chemical Engineering, Nigeria, Volume 4 Issue 7, July 2015

Pages: 2349 - 2356

Investigating the Effects of Operating Parameters of a Reaction Integrated Distillation Process for SAME Production Using Aspen PLUS

Abdulwahab GIWA [2] | Saidat Olanipekun GIWA [2]

Share this Article