International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 108

Research Paper | Diabetology | India | Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016


Risk Indicators of Diabetic Retinopathy in Patients with type 2 Diabetes Screened by Fundus Photographs: A Study from Rural India

B. Silpa, Srikanth Evuru


Abstract: This study aims to evaluate the risk indicators of diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes screened by fundus photographs at a tertiary care diabetes centre in Tenali, AP, INDIA. A cross-sectional study was conducted at the outpatient department of MAMATHA HOSPITAL, TENALI, from October 2015 to March 2016. Patients >30 years of age were recruited randomly. Demographic, anthropometric, clinical and biochemical data were collected, and ophthalmic screening was done by two field fundus photography. Fundus photographs of 366 patients were graded according to the modified Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Disease Severity Scale (ETDRS) criteria. Retinopathy was present in 27.3 % patients. Fifteen percent of patients had non-sight-threatening retinopathy while 12 % had sight-threatening retinopathy. Patients with retinopathy had significantly increased mean duration of diabetes, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and HbAlc (p7 %, 1.39 times, CI, 1.23 1.56) as significant factors for developing retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy was present in every fourth subject, while sight-threatening retionopathy was present in every eighth subject with type 2 diabetes. The results of the present study highlight the importance of screening for retinopathy. The identification of risk indicators associated with retinopathy in our population may lead to measures of prevention of sight-threatening complication of diabetes. Fundus photographs revealed increased frequency of retinopathy among patients with type II diabetes. Male gender, increased mean duration of diabetes, hypertension and poor glycemic control related with the presence of retinopathy, while increased serum cholesterol and creatinine related with severity of retinopathy. The present study highlights the importance of screening for retinopathy. The presence and severity of retinopathy in this population was attributed to the factors identified in earlier studies. The present study thus validated the findings of studies conducted on diverse populations across the world.


Keywords: Retinopathy Fundus photography Risk indicators Diabetes


Edition: Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016,


Pages: 1745 - 1749


How to Cite this Article?

B. Silpa, Srikanth Evuru, "Risk Indicators of Diabetic Retinopathy in Patients with type 2 Diabetes Screened by Fundus Photographs: A Study from Rural India", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=NOV164663, Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016, 1745 - 1749

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'Retinopathy'

Downloads: 115 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Diabetology, Saudi Arabia, Volume 8 Issue 12, December 2019

Pages: 1056 - 1064

Diabetic Factors Associated with Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Adult Patients with Diabetes Mellitus in Dammam and Qatif, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

AlKhatam Nazih A, AlGhamdi Essam A, Taha Attia Z

Share this Article

Downloads: 144

Research Paper, Diabetology, India, Volume 7 Issue 12, December 2018

Pages: 664 - 666

A Prospective Study of Diabetic Retinopathy and its Association with Serum Lipid Levels and Microalbuminuria

Dr. Sanjay Sharma, Dr. Preeti Sharma, Dr. Manan Kaushik, Dr. Rohan Bowry

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Risk'

Downloads: 2

Comparative Studies, Diabetology, Indonesia, Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021

Pages: 137 - 143

Diabetes Mellitus and the Following Risk Factors Associated with an Increased Risk of COVID-19 Severity and Mortality in Adult Patients

Komang Septian Trisna Jaya, I Made Siswadi Semadi

Share this Article

Downloads: 115 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Diabetology, Saudi Arabia, Volume 8 Issue 12, December 2019

Pages: 1056 - 1064

Diabetic Factors Associated with Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Adult Patients with Diabetes Mellitus in Dammam and Qatif, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

AlKhatam Nazih A, AlGhamdi Essam A, Taha Attia Z

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Diabetes'

Downloads: 2

Research Paper, Diabetology, India, Volume 10 Issue 5, May 2021

Pages: 638 - 642

AI Algorithm System for Prediction of Diabetes Using Progressive Web Appand IBM Cloud

Dr. Mohammed Abdul Raheem, Shaik Ehetesham, Mohammad Faiz Ahmed Subhani, Sayed Abdul Zakir

Share this Article

Downloads: 2

Comparative Studies, Diabetology, Indonesia, Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021

Pages: 137 - 143

Diabetes Mellitus and the Following Risk Factors Associated with an Increased Risk of COVID-19 Severity and Mortality in Adult Patients

Komang Septian Trisna Jaya, I Made Siswadi Semadi

Share this Article
Top