International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 111

Research Paper | Medical Surgical | Egypt | Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016


Masticatory Efficiency of Complete Dentures Constructed by different Denture Base Materials

Abd El Aziz O, Saba E.K.A, Mesallati S.A


Abstract: Introduction one of the primary function of the complete denture is to restore masticatory function in the people who have lost their natural teeth, studies have reported that the values for maximum biting force in patient wearing complete dentures were only one-fifth to one- sixth the values reached by dentate subjects however, problems such as discomfort and difficulty in chewing certain foods are generally reported by its wearers as a result of a reduced masticatory efficiency, which ranges from 16 % to 50 %, when compared to dentate subjects the question arises-do the primary stress-bearing areas actually dissipate the functional forces, or are these forces conveyed elsewhere by the intervening non rigid acrylic base material. The electromyography has been observed in various investigations that there is a linear relationship between direct force measurement and electromyography activity potential. The aim of the study The study aims to clinically evaluate the masticatory efficiency of the flexible complete denture and the conventional complete denture. Martials and methods for the purpose of the study 7 male completely edentulous patients between the ages 45-55 years selected. For each patient two set of complete dentures was fabricated, the First one is flexible denture and the second one is conventional acrylic denture. Surface electrodes from electromyography unit were placed in the region of right and left anterior temporalis and masseter muscles and electromyography activity was recorded. Quantitative parameters were assessed. Quantitative parameter is bite force by electromyography evaluation which was measured after insertion. Result and discussion, Qualitative data were described using number and percent. Quantitative data were described using range (minimum and maximum), mean, standard deviation and median. Significance of the obtained results was judged at the 5 % level. Conclusion, The EMG activity of the masseter muscle higher in flexible denture base than conventional acrylic denture base during clenching on preformed silicon index, and when chewing soft and hard food after two months. The anterior temporalis muscle showed higher activity in flexible denture base than conventional acrylic denture base during clenching on preformed silicon index, when chewing soft food and hard food.


Keywords: acrylic denture base, flexible denture base, masticatory activity, electromyography


Edition: Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016,


Pages: 1292 - 1299


How to Cite this Article?

Abd El Aziz O, Saba E.K.A, Mesallati S.A, "Masticatory Efficiency of Complete Dentures Constructed by different Denture Base Materials", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=NOV164376, Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016, 1292 - 1299

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'acrylic'

Downloads: 116

Research Paper, Medical Surgical, Egypt, Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016

Pages: 1814 - 1820

Effect of Unilateral Mandibular Implant-Tooth Supported Telescopic Prosthesis on the Supporting Structures (In Vitro Study)

Isaeida Abdulla Ali Mohamed, Seham Ahmed Hanafy, Magdi Abd El-Meguid Awadallah

Share this Article

Downloads: 117

Comparative Studies, Medical Surgical, Egypt, Volume 5 Issue 7, July 2016

Pages: 1992 - 1997

Comparison between two Different Splints Used for Fixation of Symphyseal and Parasymphyseal Mandibular Fractures in Pediatric Infants

Yomna Elshazly

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'denture'

Downloads: 105

Research Paper, Medical Surgical, Egypt, Volume 5 Issue 5, May 2016

Pages: 2426 - 2436

Stresses Transmitted to Tilted One-Piece Narrow-Diameter Implants Retaining Mandibular Over Dentures (A 3 Dimensional Finite Element Stress Analysis)

Mohammed Sherein Elattar, Ahmed Saeed Zayed, Mohamed Suliman El Hassan

Share this Article

Downloads: 116

Research Paper, Medical Surgical, Egypt, Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016

Pages: 1814 - 1820

Effect of Unilateral Mandibular Implant-Tooth Supported Telescopic Prosthesis on the Supporting Structures (In Vitro Study)

Isaeida Abdulla Ali Mohamed, Seham Ahmed Hanafy, Magdi Abd El-Meguid Awadallah

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'base'

Downloads: 2

Case Studies, Medical Surgical, Saudi Arabia, Volume 10 Issue 5, May 2021

Pages: 113 - 114

Spring Pen; An Unusual Foreign Body Aspiration in a Child: A Case Report

Dr. Sihemmadi, Dr Zoheirkermezli

Share this Article

Downloads: 2

Research Paper, Medical Surgical, Jordan, Volume 10 Issue 9, September 2021

Pages: 848 - 850

Accuracy of FNA and Radiological Imaging based on Histological Results of Patients with Neck Lumps: A Comparative Study

Abedalelah Mohammad Almomani, Omar Salim Jumean, Marwan Oqlah Showayter, Abdalrahman Mohammad Hamed, Mohammad Fares Aljariri

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'flexible'

Downloads: 123

Research Paper, Medical Surgical, India, Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019

Pages: 1364 - 1368

Observations on Intramedullary Nailing in Diaphyseal both Bone Forearm Fractures in Children

Mansoor Ahmad Tali, Shafeeq Ahmad Sofi

Share this Article

Downloads: 124

Research Paper, Medical Surgical, India, Volume 5 Issue 12, December 2016

Pages: 1761 - 1763

Ultrasound Evaluation of Colorectal Malignancy with Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography as Gold Standard

Dr Rameez Ghouse

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'activity'

Downloads: 60

Research Paper, Medical Surgical, India, Volume 10 Issue 2, February 2021

Pages: 338 - 341

A Study of Functional Outcomes of Anatomical Posterolateral Corner Reconstruction for the Treatment of Posterolateral Instability of the Knee Joint: Minimum 6 Month Follow Up

Dr. Dipak S. Parmar, Dr. Dhaval A. Patel, Dr. Vijay R. Sata, Dr Apoorva V. Dodia

Share this Article

Downloads: 106

Case Studies, Medical Surgical, India, Volume 4 Issue 8, August 2015

Pages: 1371 - 1375

Outcome of High Tibial Open Wedge Osteotomy Stabilized by Unilateral External Fixator in the management of Osteoarthritis Knee- A Clinical Study

Dr Ravinder Singh, Dr Sahil Saini, Dr Akshay Raj Upadhyay

Share this Article
Top