International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 119

Research Paper | Medicine Science | Pakistan | Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016


Neck, Shoulder, and Back Pain with Carrying Heavy Back Packs among the Spirit School Children in Lahore

Rubina Khan | Hira Jabeen [3] | Hafiz Sheraz Arshad [15]


Abstract: School children experience neck, shoulder and back pain due to carrying heavy bags. Heavy back packs negatively affect spine as well as cause other musculoskeletal symptoms. Objective The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of neck, shoulder and back pain in spirit school children carrying heavy back packs. Method This cross sectional survey was conducted among 135 students of private school in Pakistan, Lahore in 2016. Modified Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire (Extended version) was used, asking about neck, shoulder and back pain and its details. Weights of the children were measured. Weights of bags were measured and its percentage with respect to body weight was also calculated. Results Results showed that most prevalent musculoskeletal symptom was shoulder pain (44.4 %) followed by neck (29.6 %), low back (23 %) and upper back (3 %). Conclusion Weight of school bags was strongly related to neck, shoulder and back pain in school children. Students who used double straps and carrying bags on both shoulder showed less symptoms.


Keywords: Children, school bag weight, shoulder pain, neck pain, posture


Edition: Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016,


Pages: 397 - 400


How to Cite this Article?

Rubina Khan, Hira Jabeen, Hafiz Sheraz Arshad, "Neck, Shoulder, and Back Pain with Carrying Heavy Back Packs among the Spirit School Children in Lahore", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016, pp. 397-400, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=NOV163898

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